Cost Solution Essay

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Managerial Accounting Muhammad Fahim Khan Chapter 1 Managerial Accounting and the Business Environment Solutions to Questions 1-1 Managerial accounting is concerned with providing information to managers for use within the organization. Financial accounting is concerned with providing information to stockholders, creditors, and others outside of the organization. 1-2 Essentially, managers carry out three major activities in an organization: planning, directing and motivating, and controlling. All three activities involve decision making. 1-3 The Planning and Control Cycle involves formulating plans, implementing plans, measuring performance, and evaluating differences between planned and actual performance. 1-4 A line position is directly related to the achievement of the basic objectives of the organization. A staff position is not directly related to the achievement of those objectives; rather, it is supportive, providing services and assistance to other parts of the organization. 1-5 In contrast to financial accounting, managerial accounting: (1) focuses on the needs of the manager; (2) places more emphasis on the future; (3) emphasizes relevance and flexibility, rather than precision; (4) emphasizes the segments of an organization; (5) is not governed by GAAP; and (6) is not mandatory. 1-6 A number of benefits accrue from reduced setup time. First, reduced setup time allows a company to produce in smaller batches, which in turn reduces the level of inventories. Second, reduced setup time allows a company to spend more time producing goods and less time getting ready to produce. Third, the ability to rapidly change from making one product to making another allows the company to respond more quickly to customers. Finally, smaller batches make it easier to spot manufacturing problems before they result in a large number of defective units. 1-7 The main
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