Cosmological Argument Essay

1164 WordsMay 16, 20135 Pages
Cosmological Argument The cosmological argument is a posteriori argument because it is a on what can be seen in the world and the universe * The argument is based on the belief that there is a first cause behind the existence of the universe. * The argument was first developed by Plato and Aristotle. * Thomas Aquinas has developed the most popular version of the cosmological argument. He developed his five ways to prove the existence of God in his book Summa Theologica. The first of the three ways form proof for the existence of God and are Change (or motion), Cause and Contingency. Aristotle observed that everything in the universe was moving and changing. Aristotle noticed that things do not do this by themselves, they have to have something moving them. He said that there must have been something that first started the chain of movement and he named this the ‘Prime Mover’. Aristotle used the idea of things moving from a state of potentiality towards a state of actuality however this change can only happen if something helps the change and this third party is known as the efficient cause. Aristotle used the example of marble having the potential to become a statue (actual) and this can only happen when a sculptor (efficient cause) acts upon the marble. Aquinas’ first way This first way is often referred to as ‘motion or change’. Aquinas observed that everything was in a state of motion, whatever is in motion must have been moved by something else. According to Aquinas, the chain of movement cannot go back to infinity. So there must have been a first, unmoved mover who began the movement of everything in the universe. Aquinas argued that this was God. Aquinas said that objects only changed because of some external force had brought about the change. He used the idea of objects having the potential to become actual but said that this could

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