Cosign Your Love: the Variations of Emotion in Ovid’s Metamorphoses

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Cosign Your Love: The Variations of Emotion in Ovid’s Metamorphoses Love, of many kinds, runs abound in Ovid’s Metamorphoses, though the end results are not always pleasant for those involved. The dictionary definition of love does not always refer to the emotion in a romantic or affectionate manner. Love can refer to a partner, a lover, a friend or a family member. Yet, it can also mean a strong need for something, as if love is one’s lifeline – or in some cases, cause of death. Like most stories in Metamorphoses, every story in Book III and Book IV always somehow wind back to the king of gods, Jupiter, whether it is through family connections or his own romantic (or tyrannical) conquests. Many characters throughout the history of Greek and Roman mythology have met their untimely demise for crossing or getting involved with Jove. Known as the father of many in Metamorphoses, Jove has had many affairs with many women – some of which he has tricked, or even raped, into bearing his child. Book III starts with Jove carrying off the princess Europa, the daughter of Agenor and the sister of Cadmus. Europa becomes enamored with Jupiter in his trickery, as he is disguised as a bull to woo her, and she climbs upon his back to be carried off. The love that Jupiter has for Europa that causes her to trick her and draw her away from her family to the city of Crete. King Agenor, overcome with grief for his missing daughter, sends his son Cadmus out on a quest to find her. In a display of phenomenal family love, Cadmus searches high and low and through perils to find his sister. Even though he eventually realizes that his search is futile, Cadmus defeated the snake and learned how to grow soldiers from its teeth thanks to the advice of the goddess Minerva. Ovid tells us from here that Cadmus goes on to have a pretty decent life, but not to count a man happy until he is

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