Corrections Essay

2342 Words10 Pages
Comparing and Contrasting Germany and Canada’s Correctional Systems Comparative Correction Systems 303 Professor McCarthy December 3, 2013 Introduction It is crucial to understand the similarities and differences between correctional systems from around the world in order to effectively gauge which specific strategies and concepts can provide a framework for a competent system. Two important sanctions used within correctional systems are custodial and non-custodial sanctions. Custodial sanctions are punishments that require mandatory custody of the offender such as imprisonment, while non-custodial sanctions are punishments that do not require mandatory custody as punishment. This paper will discuss the correctional systems in Germany and Canada; in doing so, it will examine these countries’ custodial and non-custodial sanctions. Germany’s Demographic and Geographic Information Germany is a country located in western central Europe consisting of 16 states. The capital and largest city in Germany is Berlin. Within the borders of Germany’s 137,847 square mile landmass, it holds 81.89 million people according to a 2012 census. Germany has the lowest juvenile incarceration rate in Europe. According to the International Centre for Prison Studies (ICPS), statistics done in March 2013 show that Germany has an prison population rate of 79 per 100,000 of its national population (International Centre for Prison Studies). Germany utilizes custodial sanctions within their correctional system. Germany’s Custodial Sanctions Germany’s custodial sanctions consist of open prisons and closed prisons. Open prisons and closed prisons are different in their respective functions. Open prisons are prisons that give prisoners permission to leave the prison to go home, and in Germany’s case, prisoners within these

More about Corrections Essay

Open Document