Congestive Heart Failure We all heard of congestive heart failure, but do you really know what congestive heart failure is? Congestive heart failure is when the heart isn’t able to pump enough blood or oxygen to meet your body’s need, do to other conditions that weaken or damage your heart. The term congestive heart failure comes from blood backing up into your liver, abdomen, lungs, and lower extremities. It can involve your left side of the heart and the right side of the heart or both sides. Left side failure is the most common failure which leads to fluids backing up in your lungs leading to shortness of breath.
An LHD-1 level a phenomenon known as ‘flipped LDH’, Is strongly indicative of a Heart attack. 6. What pathophysiology occurs during a myocardial Infarction? Include all four processes. Most Myocardial Infarctions are caused by a disruption in the vascular endothelium associated with an unstable atherosclerotic
Risk factors for ischemic stroke include hypertension, age, cigarette smoking, male gender, family history, race, previous stroke, carotid stenosis >80%, atrial fibrillation, congestive heart failure, mitral stenosis, prosthetic cardiac valves, myocardial infarction, and drug abuse (e.g., cocaine). 7 Other factors that may
Coronary heart disease is the narrowing of the small blood vessels which supply blood and oxygen to the heart. CAD is caused by the buildup of plaque in the arteries in your heart. Fatty material and other substances form plaque buildup in your arteries
In addition to difficulty with everyday tasks, people who suffer from adhesive capsulitis usually experience problems sleeping for extended periods due to pain that is worse at night and restricted movement/positions. The condition also can lead to depression, pain, and problems in the neck and back. Risk factors for frozen shoulder include diabetes, stroke, accidents, lung disease, connective tissue disorders, and heart disease. The condition very rarely appears in people under 40. Diabetes Long term complications of diabetes may include changes in connective tissue that occur as a result of high glucose levels.
There are various types of heart diseases and the most common one is CAD. CAD is blockage of the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that provide blood to the heart. Much of the CAD individual experience is caused by atherosclerosis, which is also known as hardening of the arteries. CAD can develop slowly and take decades before it produces symptoms, or it can come on suddenly. Left untreated, it can lead to angina or acute myocardial infarction.
This occurs when the heart becomes weakened and enlarged, and congestive heart failure follow quickly. The signs and symptoms are left and right heart failure, the autopsy signs would include central hemorrhagic necrosis in the liver. Hypertrophic is the other one which is just as our skeletal muscles hypertrophy in response to increased demand, cardiac muscle undergoes hypertrophy when placed under a high workload for a prolonged period of time. Pathologic hypertrophy is a result of disease that place increased demand on the heart, such as chronic hypertension, valvular damage, and myocardial infarction. The left ventricular hypertrophy is the most common type of hypertrophic heart disease.
The coronary arteries supply the heart muscle with blood rich in oxygen. The build-up of plaque narrows the coronary artery and blocks the blood supply to the heart muscle. When the blood flow decreases it causes a chest pain called angina and when the blood flow is completely cut off, it causes a heart attack.11(Ref: National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute).The most common risk factors include: smoking, diabetes, hypertension, physical inactivity, obesity and high cholesterol. Hypertension (high blood pressure) is the high pressure of blood against artery walls which can lead to serious health conditions such as CHD10 (Ref:Mayo Clinic Staff). Smoking narrows and causes blood clots in the arteries2 (Ref:Beckerman,J).
ETS can cause problems like bronchitis, pneumonia, middle ear disease, and asthma. In the family car many children are exposed to ETS. In previous studies and survey’s it is found that over half of the smokers, smoke in the car when children are present. Each year all over the world people die from heart diseases caused by ETS. And this is only Second hand smoke.