Copper Sulfate Essay

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Copper (II) sulfate, or also known as chalcanthite, blue vitriol, and or bluestone is a chemical compound consisting of one copper atom, one Sulfur atom, and four Oxygen atoms. Copper (II) sulfate penta-hydrate occurs in nature, hydrate meaning that there are water molecules attached to it (five). In nature it can also be found rarely in a hepta-hydrate (boothite), and tri-hydrate (bonattite). Copper (II) Sulfate is commercially available, and is for the most part purchased, and not transformed in the laboratory. It can be created by adding sulfuric acid and hydrogen peroxide on a variety of Copper (II) compounds. Copper (II) Sulfate has more uses in today’s society than one would think. Adding lime to copper (II) sulfate penta-hydrate it is known as Bordeaux, and kills off germs on berries such as grapes and watermelons. Pool owners add it to their chemical concoction in the summer as an algaecide. Copper (II) sulfate is toxic to fish, and must be used wisely when eradicating pesky snails and fish parasites. To protect our water pipes, we use Copper (II) sulfate to keep evasive water plant roots at bay. This special Compound is also a helping hand in organic synthesis, reacting with potassium permanganate to make an oxidant for primary alcohols. At one point in the medical field Copper (II) sulfate was used as an emetic, which made a patient throw up immediately after consumption, but is now regarded too toxic for this use. The most interesting use most would say, is the way Roger Hiorns used 75,000 liters of Cu(II)SO4 to fill an apartment, and left it to solidify for many weeks. When the Apartment was drained, the floors, walls, and ceiling were all covered with sparkling blue crystals. The apartment is in London, United Kingdom and is titled “Seizure”. As a penta-hydrate, it’s a blue crystalline solid, and grey-white powder in anhydrous state. Anhydrous

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