Coping With Depression Essay

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| Coping with Depression | Debbie’s Story | | | | | Your brain and nervous system are made up of millions of cells. Each of these cells is separate from all of the other cells--that is, they are not connected. Messages are passed from one cell to the next by chemical messengers called neurotransmitters. These neurotransmitters are released from one cell, travel through a space called a synapse to another cell. When enough neurotransmitters have landed on the second cell, it responds and the message has been transmitted. When a person becomes depressed, the cells which are receiving the neurotransmitters are not operating properly. These post-synaptic cells have slowed down their rate of responding. This keeps the messages from being passed from one cell to the next through the brain and nervous system. The neurotransmitters are unable to do their job. The reduction in messages being passed along is one of the processes involved in depression. Some of the neurotransmitters which are involved in a person becoming depressed are serotonin, norepinephrine, epinephrine, and dopamine. All of the medications for depression affect one or more neurotransmitters to help them do a better job passing messages through the brain and nervous system. Some medications for depression, called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), keep serotonin from being reabsorbed once it has been released into the synapse. SSRIs include Celexa©, Lexapro©, Prozac©, Luvox©, Paxil©, and Zoloft©. Effexor© is a medication for depression which works by blocking both serotonin and norepinephrine from being reabsorbed from the synapse. It is called a serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI). A couple of medications for depression are called atypical. It is uncertain how the first atypical medication for depression, Wellbutrin©, works. It may affect dopamine or
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