Continuity and Change over Time in China, India and Rome

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Nic Reed Mr. Lorigan AP World History 9-13-13 Continuity and Change Over Time In China, India, and Rome Between 300 B.C. and 476 A.D. there were several social and economic transformations that occurred in China, India, and Rome. The social and economic transformations greatly affected the regions of China, India, and Rome. India had a caste system and currently, still has a caste system but it has changed a little bit while Rome and China’s social class systems have been changed, as they no longer have them currently. The religion of China has changed from mainly Buddhism to a mixture of all Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism, and Protestantism, while India has stayed the same with Hinduism (Vedic religion) being the main religion and Rome has also changed from believing in mythology to being the central place for Catholic belief. Ancient Rome, China, and India all had social class systems. The most influential of these social class systems was the Indian caste system. The Indian caste system was separated into four different groups. The four groups were Brahim, Ksatriya, Vaisya, and Sudra. There was also another group, but they are considered not worth to be mentioned and they were the “untouchables.” The Brahim section of the caste system was the highest group of this class system. They were the priests or teachers of their Hindu religion. The Ksatriya were the warriors and rulers. The Vaisya were the farmers and merchants. The Sudra were the laborers of the caste system and the untouchables were made to do the labor that dealt with death and that was unclean. The Chinese social class system included the different classes of the landlord class, peasant class and the merchant class. The people who made up the landlord class had large amounts of land. The people of the peasant class made up most of China and these peasants had a

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