Protecting against hardware failure is very difficult because no piece of hardware is going to last forever. Normal wear and tear over eight or more hours a day at a minimum of five days a week means that something is bound to break over time. This can have horrible repercussions, especially if there are important files on the hard drive, or if the hardware itself happens to be a enterprise server.
Hardware failure comes in many forms. Constant use, electrical surge, overheating, and physical damage are just some of the more common and most likely ways hardware failure will occur. There is no way to prevent failure due to regular use, things simply run down over time. The best way to mitigate this problem though, and thereby extend the life of the hardware is to shut it down when it is not in use.
Electrical surge can fry an piece of hardware in the blink of an eye. This kind of damage can be most common if the business gets struck by a bolt of lightning from a storm and the equipment is not properly isolated from the direct current. A business should have some form of surge protection, especially where servers are involved. The use of a UPS (uninterruptible power supply) and surge protection can keep a business protected from power surges, as well as keep working even if power is lost for a short time.
Overheating is another source of hardware failure and can very easily be the fault of improper placement or a machine or user error. A system needs to be able to vent heat properly, and if kept in a enclosed area with not ventilation it can quickly build up to much heat and cut off. Servers are required to be kept in a room that maintains both good ventilation and a constant temperature so that overheating does not occur. It is also important that users be mindful of what they keep on or near their computer. Using portable heaters to keep warm or putting heavy clothing on top of the computer can quickly cause it to overheat, thus losing any...