The Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years. Originally the Great Pyramid was covered by casing stones that formed a smooth outer surface, and what is seen today is the underlying core structure. Some of the casing stones that once covered the structure can still be seen around the base. There have been varying scientific and alternative theories regarding the Great Pyramid's construction techniques. Most accepted construction theories are based on the idea that it was built by moving huge stones from a quarry and dragging and lifting them into place.
The means used to hoist the large stones up the height of the pyramid, such as ramps, machined levers, and even antennae to levitate the stones to their proper place. I will also look into the theory that the stones used for the pyramids were not the solid limestone believed to be use but one of the first forms of early concrete. Polish engineer and inventor Andrzej Bochnacki theorized the Egyptians used the flooding waters of the Nile to transport the heavy stones across the water. Bochnacki states,”Light, made out of papyrus, boats were put on the top of blocks and tided up with ropes. These transport boats ware waiting for raising water of the Nile and they could be easily towed to a chosen destination.
Many theories and hypothesis were made, even published. Some were based on scientific knowledge, others on theology and a few on the supernatural, such as extraterrestrial’s help, but none had any hard evidence that supported the ideas. To this day, the construction of the pyramids still remains a mystery. Some believed that the pyramids were ancient burial sites for the pharaohs, but most of the bodies were discovered in the Valley of the Kings, tucked away into the cliffs. The pyramids were constructed of stone blocks each weighing between 2 and 15 tons with the tallest pyramid standing at 481 feet high.
The earliest and greatest of the pyramids at Giza is Khufu’s pyramid, which stands 479 feet high and has a base of 755 square feet. It took 2.3 million stone blocks to construct Khufu’s Pyramid, and each block weighed between 2 and 5 tons each (Sayre, 2011, pp.73). That’s 4.5 – 11.5 million tons of stone! That would be an impressive feat even with modern man’s machinery, so how did the ancient Egyptians accomplish such an enormous configuration? That question remains unanswered to this day, but there are many theories and speculations.
The trick was that we could only use 100 popsicles sticks, no more than 100 and nothing else but Popsicle sticks and glue. The Bridge also had to be strong enough to hold 150 pounds. We thought how could we build a bridge that can be stable and strong enough to hold 150 pounds out of popsicles sticks, how can we possibly do that? We came to a conclusion that building a bridge has to do with Isaac Newton’s Laws, having the right structure, and materials we use. Newton’s Laws apply to a bridge.
The oldest known example of the Corinthian order is the temple of Apollo at Bassae. Building the Parthenon was a greater feat than they ever would have known. Work on the Parthenon began in 477 BC. A much smaller shrine already stood on this site. If such a structure in fact existed, it was torn down to make way for a huge limestone platform, roughly 252 by 103 feet in size that was built as a base for the new temple.
With a span of 315 metres-the length of three football pitches, the arch is the longest single span roof structure in the world. The Arch is made of British steel, made up of 500 steel tubes and hold over 5,000 tonnes of the roof structure. It will be visible from 13 miles away. Over 200 people, both on and off site, have worked on building arch. On the trip to the stadium, Mr Paul officer was tour guide and who is one of structural engineers who had worked on the making of new stadium.
I believe that they cut large limestone blocks using copper chisels and saws from mines they had found. Then large groups of men dragged them to the pyramid site. Then they pushed the base layer of stones into place. Next they built long and large ramps of mostly brick to bring up the next layer and this continued, until they made it to the top of the pyramid. Last, they covered the pyramid with a top outer layer of white stones.
Most of them are made of limestone. They also took many years to build. The Nile River was where they were mostly built; they were also built during the times of 3000 bc to 2300 bc. After the pyramids were built the pyramids were normally robed by tomb robbers. These guys only wanted the valuables like gold and silver.
According to archaeologists, its construction took place during the third dynasty (Smyth 45). Giza is the home of legendary pyramids. They are the largest masonry ever created in the periphery of Cairo. The aim of writing this paper is to describe the pyramids of Egypt and their sociocultural representations. People believed that the shape of the pyramids came from the shape of the sunrays i.e.