Constructing the Pyramids in Giza

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The history associated with the pyramids in Giza remains unclear. Experts proclaim Egyptian kings Khufu built the largest of the three, The Great Pyramid, during the fourth dynasty. However, there is no evidence to prove this, nor that he was buried inside the chambers as many indicate. The number of workers, the time taken, and the purpose to build these enormous structures is a mystery. The facts, however, estimated that the Great Pyramid consists of 2,300,000 block stones, weighing on average 2.5 tons each, in an area covering 15 acres. The technique(s) that lead to assemble this project must have been very efficient. There are two methods that suggest were most likely used: The Block Hoisting Theory (suggested by polish engineer Andrzej Bochnacki) or the Internal Ramp Theory (suggested by Jean-Pierre Houdin). The Block Hoisting Theory consisted of using a board and two short wooden planks in collaboration to elevate blocks one at a time. A group of approximately 6 people would use this system to bring blocks of stone one pyramid step at a time. A full cycle occurred with a certain number of small moves to the block, slowly raising it from the bottom plank to the top along a board. While the stone is propped on the upper plank, the lower plank would be transferred to the following step and the cycle would repeat. The Internal Ramp Theory would utilize an external and internal ramp. The bottom third portion of the pyramid was constructed by workers hauling blocks up a straight, external ramp. While building this section, a second ramp would be connected using the inside of the pyramid. Workers would use these ramps in conjunction to maneuver blocks to the top. The remaining two-thirds would be built using the Internal Ramp. Of these two methods, it would be concluded that the Block Hoisting Theory would prove to be the most efficient way of

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