Constitutional Republic Essay

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The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the U.S. and was established on September 17, 1788. The federal government under the Constitution is divided into three partitions of authority, consisting of the legislative, judicial, and executive branches. It contains the system of checks and balances, which includes how laws are passed, and the legal rights of a U.S. citizen. During the composition of the legislative branch, there were two proposals for its structure, the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan. The New Jersey Plan proposed for a one-house legislature in which each state would cast only one vote. While the Virginia Plan called for a Congress of two houses in which the total number of delegates would be divided among the states according to the free population of each state. The decision between these two proposals is known as the Great Comprise. The delegates suggested the creation of a two-house legislature composed of a House of Representatives and a Senate. However, to satisfy those who supported the Virginia Plan, members of the House were to be allotted to the states based on population. The House members were to vote individually, not as part of a state delegation. The House of Representatives is the assembly of representatives for each state and is proportionate to their populations. The main power of the House of Representatives is to pass federal legislation that will affect the country as a whole, but it also has the power to establish revenue bills, impeach officials, and elect the President in the case of an anonymous majority in the Electoral College. The Senate is the group of two senators for each state regardless of the population. The powers of the Senate include accepting treaties and confirming appointments of the federal executive officials and federal uniformed officers, along with trials of federal officials

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