Biblically slavery is only referred to in the Old Testament through the story of Ham, but historically slavery was an integral part of ancient commerce, taxation, and temple religion. The story of Noah and Ham has been used to justify racial slavery because Christians and even some Muslims identify Ham’s decedents as black Africans. The concepts of honor and social order were some of the most important points when Southern Christians defended slavery. Black Africans, as decedents of Ham, were seen as lacking honor and deserved to be enslaved. So to keep the social order in line the South had to preserve tradition putting men over women, and whites over blacks.
In the Old Testament, God’s chosen people, the Israelites, were slaveholders, and it was argued that Africans were descendents of Hamm, whose curse was to live in servitude to his brothers. Pro-slavery ministers also drew from Paul’s epistles, which compel wives, children, and slaves to be submissive to their masters, and for citizens to “Render unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s, and unto God the things that are God’s” (Keith 118). As a historical defense, pro-slavery writers compared the antebellum South to ancient Greece and Rome, the great slaveholding societies of the past (Nation 6/16/08). In a scriptural defense of slavery in 1856, the Reverend Thornton Stringfellow states, “We have also shown from authentic history that the institution of slavery existed in every family, and in every province of the Roman Empire (Major Problems 330). In addition, Keith notes Calhoun’s claim that all civilized societies apportion wealth inequitably (117).
Southern interests leaned not only toward the continuation of slavery, but the spread of it. Since a slave counted for three fifths of a citizen, the several million slaves in the South meant more representatives in Congress, and more power for southern states. While the Constitution should have been able to settle this conflict once and for all, it rather escalated tensions. It was too vague, and too open to interpretation to effectively solve the problem of slavery. The North felt that the Constitution protected the rights of all men, even slaves.
It seems from a broader point of view that the North has gone through so much just for the Southern states of America to exist. It only makes sense that Northern leaders would feel angry and betrayed by hearing that those states that they have worked so hard to establish now want their own sense of independence. At the same time however, the South had more of a need for slaves than the north did. The agricultural part of the South employed slaves to tend the large plantations and perform other duties. Slavery was a natural part of the Southern economy even though very few of the population actually owned slaves.
Slavery had been a debate for years in our country. It presented supporters and people that were opposed to it. This situation had left many people with questions. One question being “how should fugitives from slavery be treated in jurisdictions where slavery was illegal?” and a second question of which was “ should a slave be brought into a free state by his master and be viewed as free ?” The first question was answered partially in Article IV, section II of the constitution and by the Fugitive Slave Act. Nonetheless the second question still is yet to be answered.
The reason it got called the middle passage was that it was the second part of the triangular trade; this is where Britain would have taken goods over to Africa to exchange them for slaves they would have exchanged such things as guns and also iron. After the British had got their slaves they would then have been transported over to the West Indies and sold for goods such as sugar, cotton and tobacco which would be sold back in the UK and Europe. The middle passage was such a miserable experience as slaves as they got treated horrendously through violence, the living conditions, physical health and their emotional health was affected by their experiences on the slave ships. Main Part: The experience of the middle passage affected slave’s physical health which in turn affected their emotional health. The slave’s physical health was affected substantially as there would have been a serious lack of fresh air below deck; this caused a stench to form.
Territorial Expansion and Slavery Jacob L Young HIS 115 08/02/2012 Jonathan Tietz Territorial Expansion and Slavery Compare the number of free and slave-holding states and territories throughout the timeline. How did Congress deal with the issue of slavery as new states were admitted and new territories acquired? How did these actions affect the tensions between the North and the South? According to " government: 1800 -1850s Expansion Of Slavery In The U.s." (2007), “by the beginning of the 19th century, slavery in the U.S. was firmly established with a series of statutes and penal codes enacted in various states to regulate the activity of slaves and all conduct involving slaves and free blacks. With the Louisiana Purchase, the question of slavery became both geographical and political, and ushered in a period of national debate between pro- and anti slavery states to gain political and economic advantage.
Of the many American Abolitionist's, Frederick Douglas was an American social reformer, writer and statesman. After escaping from slavery, he became a leader of the abolitionist movement, gaining attention for his dazzling and incisive antislavery writings and legacy. He stood as a living counter-example to slaveholders arguments that slaves did not have the intellectual capacity to function as independent American citizens. Many Northerners also found it hard to believe that such a great orator had been a slave. Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, who later became known as Frederick Douglass, was born a slave in Talbot County, Maryland.The exact date of Douglass's birthdate stood unknown but he chose to celebrate it on February 14.
Then, as the United States of America started to expand, just about every new state became a slave state. [No free states were admitted] Congress did not do that much to address this as it was really hard to regulate and control it. This really made the tension between the North and South increase because they were in a dispute over slave and free states. Most of the Northern states had the same opinion as Abraham Lincoln and wanted to free the slaves, while southern states were benefiting from the success of slavery. [Congress dealt with the issue by trying to maintain a balance between slaves and free, and by various compromises – you need to identify some of these] • What were some of the
The three fifths compromise was an agreement reached between the North and the South. After the electoral college was set as the method of voting population became very important to each and every state. The higher the population of a state the more electoral votes they received. The south wanted slaves to be counted as people while the north opposed (Kennedy, 189). As a compromise drawn up by the framers of the constitution slaves were allowed to account for three-fifths of a person (Lemak, 3).