Considering a Woman’s Right to Abortion
One might consider a number of factors when approaching this subject. The vast majority of humanity believes that there are ethically justifiable reasons to end human life. For example: in self-defense, or defense of country, or the execution of dangerous criminals. Should then abortion be considered also justifiable? The crucial factor in the above examples of justifiable killing is that in each case the individual to be killed infringed upon another’s rights. The attacker who is killed in self0defense infringed upon the right to personal safety and health. Can it be argued that infant in the mother’s womb infringes upon the mother’s rights? The assertion seems ridiculous. The infant has no control over its circumstances, unlike those involved in the above examples. In the examples each action in the voluntary choice of a being endowed with free will. Thus, those involved in the examples can be said to have deserved to die-with the notable exception of the dying soldier. Soldiers are far more often the victims of circumstances than the actual villains of a conflict. The next prudent question then is whether or not the infant deserves to die. Again the answer seems obvious. The infant deserves no punishment because it has done nothing wrong. Notice that in order to deserve something negative-punishment-some action must be undertaken. However, by the laws of our country in order to deserve something positive-the intrinsic right of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness- the individual must do nothing except merely exist. Thus the scenario we are presented with is this: the infant deserves nothing negative-as it is unable to perform any meaningful action as of yet- and it deserves something positive-as it exists.
However, the whole concept of “deserving” indicates that the infant is considered a human being. Therefore, if it is accepted that the infant is...