Conservation vs. Preservation

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Conservation vs. Preservation Let’s first examine a few definition of these terminologies and what they represent. The Definitions Project group met in a series of 4 meetings in 2006 with 20 attendees representing federal agencies, professional organizations, and other NGOs. The following definitions, amongst other, resulted from those meetings: Conservation Resource—An ethic of planned management of a natural resource or a particular ecosystem based on balancing resource production, use, allocation, and preservation to ensure the sustainability of the resource. Object—Maintenance and preservation of works of art, artifacts or objects, their protection from future damage, deterioration, or neglect, and the repair or renovation of works that have deteriorated or been damaged. Related Terms: Preservation; Stewardship Preservation The act of protecting a resource for future generations. Cross-reference: conservation; stewardship. (Adapted from Handbook for Museums, Gary Edson nd David Dean, Routledge Press, 1996) Related Terms: Conservation, stewardship (Source: DEFINITIONS PROJECT | JANUARY 2007) One of the central controversies of the twentieth-century environmental movement has been between those who want to preserve "wilderness" and those who support managed use of the material resources. The latter is sometimes referred to as the management of resources on a sustainable yield basis. "Conservation: The maintenance of environmental quality and resources or a particular balance among the species present in a given area. The resources may be physical (e.g. fossil fuels), biological (e.g. tropical forests), or cultural (e.g. ancient monuments). In modern scientific usage conservation implies sound biosphere management within given social and economic constraints, producing goods and services for humans without depleting natural ecosystem diversity,

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