If a family ignores the policy, and has more than one child, they will have to pay a large fine; can lose their job, and any bonuses at work. The policy has a few exceptions, for example people with no siblings are allowed more than one child, along with rural families, ethnic minorities, and foreigners living in china. In rural areas, families can apply for a second child if their first child is a girl, disabled or has a mental illness. The policy caused a drop in fertility rate, from 3 children per woman in 1980, to 1.54 children per woman in 2011. Chinese authorities consider the policy, a great success, as it was estimated that China had three to four hundred million less people in 2008 than it would have done, had the policy not been introduced.
In 1979, when the One Child Policy was introduced, the purpose was for the Chinese population to decrease. With the policy in place, it has stopped 400 million births happening. This is a huge amount for only 35 years of being in place, so isn’t China happy with the results it has obtained? China, still believes that it needs to carry on the policy even though it has prevented so many births already; however if the policy is to be continued, it is essential for the Chinese government to work on the issue of gender equality. Due to the policy, China has too many men and not enough women, there are 120 men to every 100 girls.
Article 25 says that “The state promotes family planning so that population growth may fit the plans for economic and social development”, and Article 49 states that “Both husband and wife have the duty to practice family planning”. In fact, the constitution cannot enforce jurisdiction directly in China, so the government has published many treaties, rules and ordinances to execute this policy, and finally in 2001, there was a law for family planning. However, as there is a serious decline of newborns and the population growth was slow down, China has lost benefits because of the large population. This means that the labor cost is gradually becoming higher, and the productivity of the whole country is a slowing down. Also, the aging society has become a big problem in China, which is only a developing country.
Title: Impact of China’s One Child Policy Word Count: 994 words Today, with a population of 1.3 billion, China is the most populated country on earth. But without the implementation of the ‘One Child Policy’, there could have been almost 400 million more people in China. Made mandatory by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping in 1979, the One Child Policy worked to address ongoing economical, social and environmental issues caused mainly by overpopulation. It was initially intended as a temporary fix, yet after 33 years the policy still exists. It has impacted and challenged China in ways that were expected and unexpected, both positively and negatively.
For example, in Beijing, which is the largest city in China, more than half of the families have only one child ( Hesketh and Wei Xing, par 1-7). Even though some people think that China’s policy of one child will improve China’s future, the policy violates basic human rights, creates an imbalance in the population, and produces many psychological problems with negative social impacts. The Chinese government claims that the application of a strict one-child policy exists for the well-being of Chinese society, and the methods used to implement this policy are under legitimate means. However, the measures forced the application of a one-child policy incompatible with human rights and led to violations of human rights. First, the one-child policy applies to the vast majority of people, but does not apply to the wealthy people who can afford to buy their way out of this
The policy was established to improve social, economic and environmental problems in China, as well to reduce the rapid growth of China’s population. It is known that from 1979 to 2011, China has prevented 400 million births. The One Child Policy was introduced to china for many reasons. One reason would be to supply China’s people. Like every other country, China has a limited amount of food, water, shelter and education; it does not have enough resources to supply the whole country, especially if the one child policy was never introduced.
The Maoist economic strategy, a basis for a Chinese Miracle? Abstract Mao Zedong’s policies don’t usually appear in the popular belief as a cause of the economic success that succeeded his death in 1976. The economic consequences of Maoist economic strategies are generally considered catastrophic; the Great Leap Forward and its 30 million death famine is the first thing that comes to mind when thinking of such strategies. It’s Deng Xiaoping’s reforms starting in 1978, two years after Mao’s death, that are generally considered the main causes for the 1980´s and 1990’s accelerated growth. But there is a less common literature that puts the economic strategy of Mao Zedong as the basis for Chinese economic miracle by affirming that Deng Xiaoping’s reforms only exploited in a correct manner an already built solid economic system installed during the Maoist period.
Does transracial adoption affect child development? In the early 20th century most children that were adopted in the US were non-Latino white infants. Most adoptive parents were non-Latino white couples from the middle to upper class. Relaxed abortion laws and more accessible contraception decreased the amount of white babies that are put up for adoption and more diverse couples began looking at adoption as an option (Santrock 2013). Issues began to arise about whether or not transracial adoptions could hinder a childs development in any way (Bernards).
Assess the effectiveness of the Chinese One Child Policy. (15 marks) The Chinese One Child Policy (OCP) is a scheme to encourage families to have less children in order to slow down the rate of population growth in China. The policy was introduced because they wanted to avoid a Malthusian-type of disaster and the government realised that only controlled population can improve the living conditions of its people. The One Child Policy draws a clear line between rewards and punishments, citizens are given benefits if they follow the policy completely. However, on the other hand, penalties are given if they disobey the rule set.
By the 2016 census, there were more than 72,880 declared same-sex couple which are 0.9 per cent of the total number of couples and 33.4 per cent of those same-sex couples were married. That represents a tripling in the number of married, same-sex unions across the country between 2006 and 2016. (Eichler, 2018). However, the common factors like the religious people and the society more that the family members have lot of issues such marriages which were the overcome by the couples on the different time as they have to choose one as a wife and another as a husband to run the domestic life smoothly. Same sex marriage also have the issues and get divorced as the partners are not satisfied from the personal livings or get someone other