Consensus Model Research Paper

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Criminal Acts and Choices Sandra Garcia Criminal Justice CJA/204 September 14, 2011 Leroy Hendrix, MS Criminals are often categorized or labeled as the bad seeds of society or the rejects and failures. Those are the individuals that make the choice of disobeying the law and decide to live the life of a felon. Those criminal behaviors later on result to becoming habitual and progressive towards severe crimes being committed. However, for every action there is a reason to better understand the mind of a criminal certain theories have been introduced to the criminal justice system to gain knowledge in why people commit crime and what can be done to prevent it from occurring. In this paper choice theories will be identified and how they…show more content…
In this model the perspective is that most of the citizens share same values, morals, beliefs and is made up of a diverse group, and those who have conflict with the values and belief are considered damaging to society that will result to criminal acts. The consensus model argues that the majority of citizens will agree on which activities should be outlawed and published as crimes. The Consensus Model also assurmes that all people will group together to form a perfect society and those who actions deviate from recognizing the expectations and values will be considered threat to the well- being of society and need to be punished. The society will then pass laws in agreement with the group to control and prevent deviant behavior, criminals (Schmallager, 2009). On the other hand Consensus Model is made up of a diverse group, but Conflict Model is not and has a different…show more content…
The conflict model content of criminal law is determined by the groups that hold economic, political, and social power in a community. This goes against diverse society, the dominant groups exercise power by codifying their value systems into criminal laws stating that moral attitudes are not absolute. However, since society had different segments its prone to have different value systems (Schmallager, 2009). In accordance to the conflict model, these different segments which are separated by social class, income, age, and race are engaged in a constant struggle with each other for control of society, since the goal depends on the individual for their own benefit and gain of power, which is more prone to lead to
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