Congestive Heart Failure Essay

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Topic: Congestive Heart Failure and Pulmonary Edema 1. Introduction 1. Define Congestive Heart Failure 1. Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a condition in which the heart's function as a pump is inadequate to deliver oxygen rich blood to the body. 1. Left vs. Right CHF 2. Define Pulmonary Edema 1. Pulmonary Edema is a condition in which fluid accumulates in the lungs, usually due to the failure of the hearts left ventricle to pump adequately. 1. including flash pulmonary edema 2. Body 1. Epidemiology 1. occurs equally between men and women. 2. is more common in African Americans, Hispanics and American Indians then Caucasians 3. 75% - 80% of those suffering from CHF are over 65 years old 4. 53,000 deaths a year in the US are associated to CHF and Pulmonary Edema 2. Risk Factors 1. age 2. previous heart attacks or conditions 3. diabetes 4. obesity 5. high blood pressure 3. Pre-Hospital and Hospital Diagnosis 1. commonly goes unreported initially due to the symptoms mimicking what people consider “normal changes in the aging or elderly” 4. Pre-Hospital and Hospital management 1. Medications including; Nitrates, Furosemide, vasodilators, benzodiazepines and dopamine 2. Administration of CPAP 3. Conclusion 1. Recommendations for Pre-Hospital EMS 1. How to better recognize patients suffering from CHF and Pulmonary Edema in the pre-hospital patient as well as how to take quick effective action to help the patient. Sources Multiple JEMS articles American Heart

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