Confucius and Plato's vies of society and happiness

1273 Words6 Pages
How do Confucius and Plato look at the individual, at society, and at individual and society together? How does Plato’s vision of what makes for happiness compare with that of Confucius? Do the ideas of “justice” and “benevolence” figure into these different visions of happiness? Plato and Confucius had many brilliant ideas that change the world, but in what differences did they go about creating these ideas. In Plato’s Republic there are many types of “justice” in the society. There are some who believe in the type of justice that anyone who is going to be blessed with happiness must love all types of justice because of its integrity and consequences. The majority of the masses believe in the type of justice that is burdensome, the one that must be practiced for the sake of the rewards and the popularity that are the consequence of a good reputation, but that is to be avoided as essentially burdensome. In Plato’s Republic there were so many opinions about justice that raised arguments such as: what sort of thing people consider justice to be; the idea that people who practice justice do so unwillingly, as something necessary, not as something good; or why they have good reason to act as they do. It is believed that the people who create injustice are not naturally good, because they have the power to be just, and the people who suffer injustice can not dole out injustice because they do not have the power to be just. The people believed that to impose injustice is naturally good and to suffer injustice bad. But the wickedness of suffering it far exceeds the righteousness of imposing it. This means that they who have impose and suffered injustice, who have tasted both, are ones who lack the power to do it and avoid suffering it. They are the ones who decide that it is profitable to come to an agreement with each other to neither create injustice or to
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