Conflict In The Sahrawis

1486 Words6 Pages
Introduction One of the world's most seasoned and generally ignored conflicts is the Western Sahara clash. Over 30 years after the war started, the uprooting of many individuals took place as well as a ceasefire in 1991. A settlement might put the advantages offered by the status quo at risk. However, there are many concerns and costs in place; such as economic and political costs as well as international, regional and domestic concerns. The Sahrawis are condemned to live under Moroccan rule. Historical Background The subject of the disagreement between Morocco and the Polisario Front, a separatist group in Southern Algeria, is the sovereignty of the Western Sahara which “had been a Spanish colony since 1884” (Sater, 2010). After Spain withdrew…show more content…
Cordesman (2002) states that “Morocco now provides generous subsidies to residents of Western Sahara, and spends a considerable amount on infrastructure given its tight financial situation, in order to encourage Moroccans to immigrate to the region and to win the hearts of the Sahrawis”. The Moroccan Government has provided the residents of Western Sahara with political, social and economic infrastructure, nevertheless, the Sahrawis still long for their own state. There are ongoing international efforts to resolve the issue over Western Sahara’s…show more content…
According to Abelson (2013), “Western Sahara is emerging as a case study on the limits of the international community’s power to help a people win self-determination when they choose not to be violent, but to follow the rules”. Acquiring international recognition for Morocco's case of Western Sahara can be securely viewed as Morocco's top priority. With international support for Morocco, it is far-fetched that the Sahrawis will obtain their own state. Regional Factors The political battle was more troublesome particularly on the African mainland. This was predominantly because of the Organization of African Unity’s wide acknowledgement of Sahrawi's entitlement to self-determination. Moreover, Sahrawi patriot emotions had fundamentally fortified in the past decade and Polisario got increasing support from Algeria and Libya in its battle for autonomy from Morocco and its Mauritania. Additionally, the Polisario was considered “a creation of Algeria” as a result of immense Algerian support for the movement. It was Algeria whom Morocco ought to negotiate with. However, Morocco does not accept Polisario to represent the Sahrawis, which made talks difficult to talk place stated Sater (2010). Accordingly, it was difficult to reach a solution, leaving the Western Sahara conflict
Open Document