To what extent did the Liberals, Conservatives, IPP, the Ulster Unionists and the Southern achieve their political objectives during the Home Rule crisis of 1912-14? During the third Home Rule bill crisis of 1912-1914 there was many differing objectives among those who lived in Ireland and those in Westminster who governed Ireland. The Liberal Party and the Irish Parliamentary Party, otherwise known as the IPP, wanted Home Rule for all of Ireland. However the Conservative Party and Ulster and Southern Unionists wanted to prevent Home Rule completely. Home Rule for Ireland meant that an Independent Irish Parliament would stand in Dublin to govern Irish affairs, still having an Irish representation in Westminster, whilst Westminster would govern all issues to do with the crown, defence and imperial government.
The four main groups involved in the clashes are as followed: Loyalist and Nationalist Paramilitaries, the ‘authorities’ and the Civil Rights movement. This essay will conclude that although each fragment had a vital role to play, it was the internal conflict between the extreme Unionists and the extreme Loyalists that was to blame, and thus that the overall cause was long term internal nationality aims between these two groups. The 1960s Civil rights movement in Northern Ireland aimed to stop alleged discrimination against Catholic Northern Irish citizens, who were the minority of the population in Northern Ireland: 34.9% in 1961 compared to 65.1% Protestants. The civil rights movement centred on issues such as housing allocation and electoral discrimination against Catholics. They used marches to protest their cause, beginning on the 5th October 1968.
Devolution has always been a widely debated topic, with many arguments both for and against. Many people believe that devolution would allow for more efficient governing and better representation of the people. It was also believed that a regional government would receive greater loyalty from the people. However, some argued that devolution would ultimately lead to the break-up of the United Kingdom. The expense of creating a Scottish Parliament also raised some criticism, and the West Lothian Question was also a major issue.
As the war continued on Britain would eventually will the fight and take control of what was known as the Ohio River Valley as well as land in Canada. This was an unwelcomed war by the colonists that lead to questionable decisions from the British government. The British government faced two main problems after winning the French Indian War that the colonies were starting to come very independent and
Assess the claim that the Democratic and Republican parties are now ideologically distinct and internally united (30) There is much debate on how today’s two major political parties are arranged with their ideologies. Their ideologies are the main principles which each party stands for so is more or less the back bone and reasoning for every party’s existence. There have been many links and divides between the Democrats and Republicans since these parties began and at times some have argued for these links becoming too strong and the parties not being individual enough and representing what the party is meant to stand for. Within each party historically there have been many deep various factions, these are smaller groups within each party who although associate themselves with the main big tent party have their own separate ideologies on certain factors which separates them. For many years both parties have had a conservative and a liberal wing, which has damaged the unity of each party as they have not been ideologically distinct.
It included several complex methods to end the war, the most important of which were the three "Reconstruction Amendments" to the Constitution: the 13th (1865), the 14th (1868) and the 15th (1870). From the Union side, the goals of Reconstruction were to guarantee the Union victory on the battlefield by reuniting the Union by guaranteeing a republican form of government for the ex-Confederate states, and to permanently end slavery. Although even after the war had been won and amendments had been passed there was still a great division amongst the north and south with that, groups like the Ku Klux Klan came to emerge. The "Liberal Republicans", who argued the war goals had been achieved and reconstruction should end, ran a ticket in 1872 but were finally defeated when Grant was reelected. In 1874 Democrats took control of Congress and opposed reconstruction.
Therefore, despite the argue amount of agreement regarding the ends they would like the country to reach, the means with which they want to do this remains controversial. Before this though, mainly during the 1970s and 1980s, after World War II and the One Nation conservatism that followed however, UK politics was adversarial, the strongly Right winged ideology of Margaret Thatcher and the Conservatives against the strongly Left winged views of Labour - both parties fiercely disagreed upon policy and how best to govern Britain. It was only when Tony Blair became Labour Prime Minister in 1997 that Britain's politics became consensual once more after the Thatcher era, with Blair moving of Labour more to the centre ground leading to a large degree of overlap with the Conservative viewpoint and also the Liberal Democrats after becoming an influential party again. Something all 3 main parties disagree on is cutting benefits. The conservatives and Liberal Democrats want to cut family tax credit and other such benefits after a family’s 2nd child to stop people having 7 or 8 children that they cannot support themselves.
These laws reflect political developments both within and outside the UK. They include: - The devolution of power to bodies like the Scottish Parliament and Welsh assembly -The Human Rights Act 1998. -The UK's entry to the European Union in 1972. -The Factortame Case The concept of parliamentary sovereignty in the United Kingdom has long been debated. Since the subordination of the monarchy under parliament and the increasingly democratic methods of parliamentary government, there has been the question of whether parliament holds a supreme ability to legislate and whether it should or should not.
“Is it time for Scotland to become and independent country?” Thinking Module Report (1000) Scotland, England, Northern Ireland and Wales have all created this glorified image of togetherness since they were united in 1707 through the Treaty of Unions. Since then, however, the dispute of Scotland becoming an independent country has been a reoccurring argument that has put a strain on the relationships between these ‘united’ countries. When the Scottish National Party (SNP) were successful in the election of May 4th 2012 the position of Scotland has been questioned by politicians and mainly by the people of Scotland. Whether or not Scotland should become an independent country, a debate that was presented by Stewart Hosie, an MP for the Scottish Nationalist Party who was arguing in motion of independence. Conversely, Jenny Marra, representing MSP Labour party argued against independence.
Effects of the Colonialism in Nigeria Colonialism in Africa is one great cause for the death of cultures in Africa. Not only did it change traditions and political structures, but it was also the cause of the feudal area in Africa. In 1900 Lord Frederick Lugard established indirect rule in Nigeria. During the late part of the 19th century, most of Africa's continent came under political control of European powers. In Nigeria, things were no different and by 1905 the British had established rule over all of present-day Nigeria.