Global Issues Carter 20 February 2012 Realism vs. Idealism Realism and Idealism are the two major contending theories of international relations which are debated at the local and international level today. Realists believe that human nature is bad and individuals cannot be trusted. On the other hand, idealism states that there is a relationship between all the countries and as such relationships need to be formed between individuals. They also believe in morality and that human nature is good so they involve themselves in many world affairs. These relationships appear to change as quickly as actors in a soap opera.
At the end of WW2, both Huxley and Orwell, disillusioned and alarmed by what they saw within their own society, produced dark satires describing a dystopian vision of future possibilities. Although the two books are very different, they address many of the same issues in their contrasting ways: in particular, the suppression of the freedom of society in order to establish and maintain a totalitarian approach. This is achieved through manipulation of all external elements; propaganda and technology Furthermore, the manipulation of elements within each individual, sexually, physically and mentally. It is this manipulation that ultimately emphasizes the dystopian nature of both novels setting them at the forefront of modern literature. Set in a World where totalitarian rule is all encompassing, the significant difference between the two novels is the manner in which the dystopian quality of each corresponding world manifests: in Brave New World society is created and conditioned to be unquestioningly happy despite their lack of freedom, whereas in 1984 fear and censorship ensures voicing- even thinking- any discontent is impossible.
Envy is a powerful thing, it can destroy lives and wreck any bit of success in a persons life. Bertrand Russell once stated “envy is one of the most potent causes of unhappiness. Not only is the envious person rendered unhappy by his envy, but they also wish to inflict misfortune on others. Although envy is generally seen as something negative, I also believe that envy is a driving force behind the movement towards democracy and must be endured to achieve a more just social system.” Envy can cause bitterness and hatred, and eventually loneliness. No one would want to be around a person who is constantly envious over others and has a sense of hatred because of it.
As Randolph Bourne put it, ‘war is the health of the state’. Emma Goldman saw the state through the symbols of ‘the gun and the handcuff’. The state robs life, liberty and property. Another area of coherence is seen through anti-clericalism. As anarchists see authority as unnecessary and undesirable, religion too (with the exception of some more spiritual beliefs such as millenarianism, Taoism and Buddhism) is opposed to.
Hence, considering the “diverse” nature and needs of humans, conflicts become an inevitable and continuing aspect of people’s lives. Conflicts arise when people view each other as unrelated and separate. It is a general and natural mindset to develop the notion that “I am I and you are you.” It means that human beings often see themselves as independent and separate from others. Furthermore, there is belief that their interpretation and point of view cannot be the same as others and their belongings cannot be owned by anyone other than themselves. This consequently results in clashes with others automatically put more emphasis on harm and threats which have affected them.
This conformity derives from the constant fear of alienation from a society which finds itself on the edge of a vast continent. Such fear within this conformist society makes it difficult for the authorities to admit that the claims made by the girls are fraudulent as to do this would defy the actions taken by those in authority. Those in authority understand that to go back on their actions not only makes the law appear fragile to those within Salem, but also directly challenges their power by appearing weak and indecisive. One of the most notable aspects of the play is the introduction of the spiritual and legal leaders within Salem as the ‘emergency’ they believe exists in their town develops. For the religious leaders, their introduction is caused by their desire to act upon their religious principles to target the problem.
How is conflict presented in One Flew over the Cuckoo’s Nest? The book presents an individual that chooses not to conform to modern society, and the consequences of that choice. McMurphy’s resistance towards structure and routine is possible the most important uses of conflict in the novel, his decisions to go against what is said to be right, causes the narrative to begin. One of the main conflicts in the novel is the divide between man and machine. McMurphy represents ‘man’ and the hospital represents ‘machine’.
Rhetorical Analysis Essay- “Civil Disobedience” The public should not obey and respect a faulty, harmful or malfunctioned government. The essay “Civil disobedience” by Henry David Thoreau alerts the public of that idea and expounds upon it in a variety of ways. With his authorative, rebellious and mainly condescending tone, compelling point of view and diction he inspires the readers to espouse his distaste for the U.S. government and their unjust treatment of the American public. Why follow and associate yourself with a stronger, more powerful institution then yourself that is impure, less than perfect and abuses their powers? With that idea implanted into the audience’s mind, Thoreau proceeds to exercise diction while fully getting his point across.
The oppression of individuals transcends throughout many historical eras. Many instances occur because of the misuse of power, which compromises an individual’s integrity. It is the wishful thinking of society that individuals are educated about oppression to avoid more of these incidents, yet many countries still face racial and cultural barriers. In the essay “The Metropolis and Mental Life”, Georg Simmel states, “the deepest problems of modern life flow from the attempt of the individual to maintain the independence and individuality of his existence against the sovereign powers of society, against the weight of the historical heritage and the external culture and technique of life.” (Simmel, The Metropolis and Mental Life p. 316). Simmel’s ideology portrays culture’s ability to oppress individuals due to the effects of social norms and the abuse of power.
Conflict speech Conflict results in strong feelings and emotions. Conflict being a state of disharmony between incompatible or antithetical persons, ideas, or interests. A clash. The nature of conflict requires strong emotions, as if something worth fighting over. It must be something we can ultimately become emotional about.