Overview From 1991–2002, the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) waged an insurrection that ravaged the tiny West African nation of Sierra Leone. The conflict created over 2 million refugees and completely destroyed much of the country's infrastructure. Initially, the RUF appeared to be fighting for the country's rural poor, but it quickly lost sight of its founding goals and began a brutal war of terror against ordinary Sierra Leoneans. Villages were burned, women raped, and children gunned down. Many of those who were captured had their hands and feet hacked off by machetes (there were an estimated 100,000 victims of mutilation), and others were forced to work as slaves in the country's diamond mines.
This led to the death of Major-General J.T.U. Aguyi-Ironsi, Head of State, Col. Francis Adekunle Fajuyi Military Governor, Western region and other military officers. General Yakubu Gowon was then sworn-in as the Military Head of State. THE THIRD COUP IN NIGERIA In July 1975, a group of Colonel sacked the government of General Yakubu Gowon in a bloodless coup. General Murtala Muhammed also masterminded this
Sierra Leone Civil War And Human Assistance INTRODUCTION Sierra Leone civil war is one of the most brutal civil wars of African history. It killed over 50,000 people and left thousands mutilated (Corinne Dufka, 1999). No one was safe from the rebels and no one was safe from the horrors the rebels brought with themselves. Even innocent children were dragged from their homes and forced to join the rebel group or face death, this is the tragedy of their story. Let’s begin with a brief introduction of the country itself; Sierra Leone is Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Liberia (About.com Geography, 2005) .It inherited poverty, corrupt leaders and a diamond rich countryside which created an environment of unrest which exploded into a decade long civil war in 1991.
Pol Pot ran a brutal regime in which he attempted to rid the country of all Western influence and transform it into a completely rural society. It is estimated that as many as 2 million people died under Pol Pot's dictatorship. In 1978 North Vietnam invaded Cambodia and overthrew Pol Pot, after which Vietnam occupied Cambodia for nearly a decade, until 1989. From 1989 to 1991 all the parties came together to engage in talks, managed with 18 other countries through the United Nations (UN), to establish peace. The efforts resulted in the Agreement on the Political Settlement of the Cambodia Conflict, Agreement Concerning the Sovereignty, Neutrality, and National Unity of Cambodia, as well as the Declaration on the Rehabilitation and Reconstruction of Cambodia.
Uganda became a country only 25 years before this, after its liberation from the British colonial system, which had long since left its mark on the country’s social structure. While Poffenberger and Bicombe agree that ethnic hatred perpetuated by the British colonial system and a divisive political climate contributed to the rebellion in Uganda in 1987, Poffenberger’s pro-LRA theory is vague and not as substantially grounded as Bicombe’s anti-government theory which provides detailed evidence and a well constructed argument. The roots of Uganda’s armed rebellion lies in the two separate yet intertwined conflicts of the fighting of the LRA against the government and the tension between northern Ugandans and the existing government, according to Poffenberger. Ugandan, since its liberation from Britain, was subject to the
Guatemala Genocide written by Delana Quinn What do you know about the Guatemala Genocide? Did you know that the Guatemala Genocide was nick-named the "Cold War" and also the "Civil War" ? Guatemala borders Mexico to the west and north, the Caribbean sea and Honduras to the east, finally El Salvador and the Pacific Ocean to the south. Did you know that 83% of the victims were Maya and Indiano? This war destroyed 626 villages ; and more than 200,000 people were killed!
Haiti was founded following a long period of slave revolutions and civil wars that lasted from 1791-1804. Unlike the innumerable slave conspiracies and rebellions that went down in defeat, the slave rebels of Haiti effectively abolished slavery and kicked out successive waves of European colonial authorities. Built on the ashes of the colonial plantation system, independent Haiti was surrounded by hostile powers and HAITI A THIRD WORLD COUNTRY 3 beset by continuing cycles of civil war and
In light of the country’s disparity, the natives have managed to survive years of starvation, inadequate health care, massive inflation, unstable leadership for the country, and destruction by the very forces setup to aid and protect them. Deemed as the poorest country of the western hemisphere, Haiti is fed up with lack of success from its present political leaders and their so called reform plans, but all the blame does not fall on its current political leaders. One must look at Haiti’s political history and its past occupants to understand its current situation. The original spelling of Haiti is “Ayiti” until the black mulattoes modified it in 1804[?]. That year was the year Haiti also received its independence.
The Monarchy has lost total control of the country and rebels have taken control. During the Revolution, King Louis XVI was executed, Robespierre came into and out of power, and the guillotine beheaded between eighteen and forty thousand people. King Louis XVI became king of France on June 11th, 1775, at Reims. His Queen was Marie Antoinette of Austria, daughter of Francis I, Archduke of Tuscany. He reigned from 1775 until his execution in 1793.