The conflict’s roots took shape in July 1954, when France was forced out of Vietnam after one hundred years of colonial rule. In the peace process, the country was partitioned into northern and southern sections, with a U.S.-supported government in the south and a communist republic in the north. On December 20, 1960, the northern Communist Party formed the National Liberation Front (NLF), with the ultimate goal of reunifying the country. In response, U.S. President John F. Kennedy began supplying military equipment and advisors in 1961. Matters escalated when North Vietnam launched an attack against the C. Turner Joy and the U.S.S.
The U.S. decided that Diem's actions could not be tolerated and Diem was killed on November 1st, 1963 by his own military generals. Then, John F. Kennedy was assassinated, and Lyndon B. Johnson took his place. When Ngo Dinh Diem was alive the South was unstable, until June 1965 when Nguyen Cao Ky became president. President Lyndon B. Johnson raised the level of U.S. involvement in the war. On August 7th, 1964, the U.S. Senate approved the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which gave President Johnson the choice to escalate U.S. involvement in the war for what happened to the USS Maddox, w. America needed to act fast, but by 1965 Viet Cong controlled about 60 percent of South Vietnamese land.
VIETNAM WAR The French ruled Indochina, including Vietnam and other countries from 1880-1945. The leaders of Vietnam Ho Chi Minh establish the Viet Minh to fight the French and gain independence. The Vietnam declared independence from France in 1945 after wwII but the French refuse to recognize their independence and fought back against the Viet minh. The U.S then sends support to France, to prevent communism. Then Vietnam splits at the 17th parallel, France leaves and the U.S stays, JFK sends troops, LBJ then escalates war after JFK assassination, on July 1964 LBJ approved to attack on North Vietnam coast.
In order for the world to be free, the Truman Administration suggested that Indochina no longer be communist. America getting involved into Indochina ran into its tradition of anticolonialism however, it ignored this somewhat to support France. After the French army won, America then wanted Indochina’s independence. America came up with “Operation Eggshell” in which France was urged to give Indochina independence while continuing the anticommunist war. By 1952, the National Security Council formalized the Domino Theory by describing a military attack on Indochina as being dangerous.
The formal institution of SEATO was established on 19 February 1955 at a meeting of treaty partners in Bangkok, Thailand. Satellite nation- a country that is dominated politically and economically by another nation Servicemen’s Readjustment Act/ GI Bill Of Rights- helping ease veterans’ return to civilian life, passed by Congress Syngman Rhee- Syngman Rhee or Yi Seungman was the first president of South Korea. His presidency, from August 1948 to April 1960, remains controversial, affected by Cold War tensions on the Korean peninsula and elsewhere. The Rosenbergs- Ethel and Julius Rosenberg were minor activists in the American Communist Party. Thomas Dewey- Thomas Edmund Dewey was the 47th Governor of New York.
rejected pleas for self-determination Republic of Vietnam • Formal name of South Vietnamese government after the Franco-Vietnamese War • Repressive government that stifled dissent by imprisoning or executing its critics • Fiercely anticommunist • American-supported throughout the Vietnam War Viet Cong • Ho Chi Minh-supporting guerilla fighters within South Vietnam • Did much of the fighting against American troops during war Viet Minh • Organized by Ho Chi Minh and other Vietnamese nationalists in 1941 • Seeking Vietnamese self-rule, fought a guerilla campaign against Japanese occupation; after World War II, fought French and then Americans • Its members formed the Viet Cong in the 1950s CONCEPTS Pentagon Papers • Secret documents leaked to New York Times by Daniel Ellsberg, a military analyst who had high-level security clearance at the Pentagon • Contained top-secret information collected by the Department of Defense about U.S. involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967 • Revealed that military had been much more pessimistic about situation in Vietnam than it had revealed to the public "Search and
Why Did USA Enter the Vietnam War? USA’s contention from the start for entering the Vietnam War was pretty simple, it was their domino theory which gave them an idea for participating in the Vietnamese war, which was also known as the Indochina war. The domino theory was a theory based from the 1950s to the 1980s which speculated that if one state in a region came under the influence of communism, then the surrounding countries would follow in a domino effect. The domino theory was used by successive United States administrations during the Cold War to justify the need for American intervention around the world. Before America joined the Vietnamese war, France invaded Vietnam and made Vietnam a colony.
Gulf of Tonkin Incident In 1955, NGO Dinh Diem organized the Republic of South Vietnam and made himself the new president. In 1960, Ho Chi Minh the communist leader of North Vietnam had been able to mobilize nationalist sentiment with the citizens of South Vietnam. These South Vietnamese Guerilla forces, Vietcong, launched attacks in opposition to the new Diem regime and the support sought from western countries. The democratic country of South Vietnam was the United States end of the United States-Russian proxy war between North and South Vietnam. The South Vietnamese had relied on United States support more and more as the war was getting started.
Prior to the war, the tension between the United States and the Soviet Union was extremely volatile despite having been allies in World War II. The Cold War, if thought about too closely, was actually in a comical sense in that it was the United States and the Soviet Union fighting each other without ever actually fighting each other. Instead, each nation used other “client” nations to fight for their beliefs on their “behalf”. In the Korean War this was very evident. The Soviet Union, a communistic nation, supplied the weapons to the North while anti-communist United States supplied the
The war was continued from 1954 to 1975 between communist North Vietnam and non-communist SouthVietnam, two parts of what was once the French (group of people or other living things).Vietnamese communists tried to take over the South, by (sudden, unwanted entry into a place)from the North by the Viet Cong. 3. The Viet Minh was a political (supporting) group formed in 1941. The (supporting) group's project was the (accomplishment or gain with effort) independence for Vietnam from France, which included Vietnam as part of its empire.