Conflict Essay

1356 WordsOct 23, 20126 Pages
Historical Developments to Management Approaches Main approaches to organisation, structure and management revolving around a framework based on four main approaches: 1. Classical 2. Human Relations 3. Systems 4. Contingency This framework shows an evolution of structural and management styles of organisations in general. Classical Era Classical management theory is the collective term for a set of ideas which were propounded by individuals who came from different backgrounds and different countries over a period of about 30 years (1900 to mid-1930s) Max Weber (1864-1920) ▪ German Sociologist ▪ Study of power and authority. Power def “the ability to get things done by threats of force sanction” and authority def “managing to get things done because one’s orders were seen by others as justified or legitimate”. (Buchanan & Huczynski:1997). ▪ According to Weber, bureaucracy (def: “an organisational design characterised by a specialisation of labour, a specific authority hierarchy, a formal set of rules and rigid promotion and selection criteria” B&H) was the most efficient way of running large organisations. The bureaucratic form of organisation as Weber saw it had the following characteristics: 1. Job specialisation – jobs broken down into simple, routine and well defined tasks. People should specialise and thereby learn to don one set of activities well. Work is divided to that authority and responsibility are clearly defined. 2. Authority hierarchy – positions are organised in a clear chain of command hierarchy. Each lower position is controlled and supervised by a higher one so workers clearly know who they are responsible to. 3. Formal rules and regulations – to ensure uniformity and to guide the actions of employees, managers must depend heavily on formal organisational rules that are set down to monitor and control employee

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