Conflict Essay

1313 WordsJan 26, 20126 Pages
CONFLICT/CRITICAL/RADICAL/MARXIST THEORY in this essay, i will be discussing the conflict, critical, radical and Marxist theories of crime and delinquency. The conflict theory says that life is characterized by conflict rather than consensus. The norms and values aren’t distributed equally or accepted among members of society. Conflict theory based on the thoughts of Max Weber and Simmel say that there is more division in society than consensus and that through struggle and alliances some groups gain more power than others. The power is based on several dimensions like money, wealth political power, social power, and so one (Henry & Eistandter, 331). Conflict criminologist say that these ideas to law and crime showing that because of their dominance, powerful groups are able to shape the process that determines what is crime and who is that criminal (Henry & Eistandter, 332). Conflict theories assume that society is conflict-oriented rather than consensus-oriented and focus on political structure of society (Williams & McShane, 177). Moyer mentions in Criminological Theories that this is a phenomenon created by the powerful and are forced on the powerless passive agents of society. 2. The origins of conflict theory have to some with some of its dynamic theorist. Some are Karl Marx, Bonger, DuBois, and Sutherland. One of the first to apply this theory to crime was William Bonger who saw capitalism as criminogenic promoting a competition and selfishness at the expense of cooperation. Egoism for Bonger encourages criminal thoughts because it severed ties with others (Henry & Eistandter, 332). Criminological conflict theorist appeared on the heel of the labeling theory. Maybe the reason why conflict criminology was not studied so much was because labeling was so politically oriented and more acceptable to conservative criminologist until the 1970’s (Williams &

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