Concussions Essay

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“Concussion Project” Concussions are a very common problem when it comes to athletes, especially in many contact sports. In the United States, over 300,000 sports-related concussions occur annually. More than 62,000 concussions occur in high school contact sports, and among college football players, thirty four percent have had one concussion and the other twenty percent have had multiple concussions. Since many concussions occur every year, it is significant to know what a concussion is, signs and symptoms for a concussion, treatment, and which areas of the brain are affected by a concussion. A concussion is defined as a clinical syndrome characterized by immediate and transient posttraumatic impairment of neural functions, such as alterations of consciousness, disturbance of vision, and loss of equilibrium (Prentice 539). Concussions usually occur due to a direct blow to the head, usually shaking of the brain within the skull. Concussions can cause a variety of physical, cognitive, and emotional symptoms. There are many signs and symptoms that can help determine that a concussion has occurred. Altered consciousness and posttraumatic amnesia represent two important parameters that can be present following a concussion (Prentice 539). Posttraumatic amnesia is the inability of the athlete to recall events that have happened before (retrograde amnesia) or after (anterograde amnesia) the injury. Headaches, tinnitus, nausea, irritability, and confusion are more signs and symptoms of a concussion. Additional signs and symptoms include disorientation, dizziness, loss of consciousness, difficulty concentrating, blurred vision, photophobia, and sleep disturbance. There are several different ways to determine how severe a concussion or head injury is. There are three different grades of cerebral concussion: grade one (mild), where there is no loss of consciousness, grade

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