Conceptive Methods Essay

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SAIS – 12B – Miss.Samah 12B Contraceptive Methods Raphael Atiyeh Abstract Choosing a method of birth control is a highly personal decision based on individual preferences, medical history, lifestyle, and other factors. Each method carries with it a number of risks and benefits of which the user should be aware. Each method of birth control has a failure rate--an inability to prevent pregnancy over a one-year period. Sometimes the failure rate is due to the method and sometimes it is due to human error, such as incorrect use or not using it at all. Each method has possible side effects, some minor and some serious. Some methods require lifestyle modifications, such as remembering to use the method with each and every sexual intercourse. Individuals with certain medical problems cannot use some. Spermicidal Used Alone Spermicidal. Which come in many forms--foams, jellies, gels, and suppositories-work by forming a physical and chemical barrier to sperm. They should be inserted into the vagina within an hour before intercourse. If intercourse is repeated. More Spermicides should be inserted. The active ingredient in most Spermicides is the chemical nonoxynol-9. The failure rate for Spermicides in preventing pregnancy when used alone is from 20 to 30 percent. Spermicides are available without a prescription. People who experience burning or irritation with these products should not use them. Barrier Methods There are five barrier methods of contraception: male condoms, female condoms, diaphragm, sponge, and cervical cap. In each instance, the method works by keeping the sperm and egg apart. Usually, these methods have only minor side effects. The main possible side effect is an allergic reaction either to the material of the barrier or the Spermicides that should be used with them. Using the methods correctly for each and

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