Comunism in Poland and East Germany

398 Words2 Pages
Dominic Zagara Gadel IB Euro 5/26/2014 Why Communism doesn’t work! Featuring East Germany and Poland East Germany and Poland both had numerous factors, both short-term and long term that led to the fall of communism. The oppressive rule of Erich Honecker led to disintegration from communism in East Germany, whereas in Poland, Lech Walesa and Gorbachev’s loosening of Russian Enforcement led to its disintegration. In East Germany, a Chancellor, Erich Honecker, rose to power and employed harsh, repressive methods. In addition, the berlin Wall was in the construction process, increasing the cultural divide between eastern and western Europe along the Iron Curtain. When the Berlin wall was completed, people were shocked and could not fathom the wall disappear. A significant number of intellectuals fled from the east to the west to escape the communist laws of equality, as opposed to a more merit based system. The loss of these influential individuals severely damaged the economy of East Germany. When a significant population of East Germans migrated to the west, the economy was harmed to a greater extent. When the wall was finally completed and employed by the East German Government, it was hated. This led to more censorship and authoritarian methods from Honecker and the East German government. This continued until the Berlin Wall Fell in 1989. During this time, East Germans became fed up with the oppressive policies of the Stazi, the antics of Honecker’s government, and the hated symbol of the Berlin Wall. They reacted against the only thing they could change and tore down the wall. Poland was another major country that disintegrated from communism. Under the lead of Lech Walesa, Poland was growing a rebellious strength. With Gorbachev as Russia’s leader, reforms were putin place as well as removing many USSR restrictions of satellite countries. This gave
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