Computer Technology and Forensic Science

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Computer Technology and Forensic Science Monique Bates Kaplan University Forensic Biology and Impressions Evidence CJ 386 Al Luckas February 14, 2012 Computer Technology and Forensic Science Computer technology has impacted tremendous advancement and reformed the capabilities of the forensic science world enabling them to gather more valuable information from evidence than was previously possible. In this essay, I will briefly discuss multiple types of evidence and how the computer has influenced the way that the evidence is examined by forensic scientists. According to Saferstein (2011), the prospects for significant technological advances in computer science in the near future are great. The computer aided search of a single latent fingerprint is a reality in almost every jurisdiction nationwide. In a matter of minutes, the ability to search files containing millions of prints to find a probable match to a latent fingerprint is the most significant contribution forensic science has made to criminal investigations. Computer technology is also helping investigators link multiple unrelated shootings to one weapon using the automated search system NIBIN. The surface characteristics of a bullet or cartridge case can be scanned and stored in a computer database that is accessible worldwide (Saferstein, 2011, p. 503). Forensic science is a rapidly growing and the tools available to forensic researchers are also evolving quickly through the use of computer technology. Thorough protocols for DNA collection, extraction, quantification, amplification, detection, and analysis have now been replaced by commercially available kits, high-throughput instrumentation, and computer systems. With these technologies, forensic scientists have the tools in hand to reinforce databases and solve even the most complicated crimes with the aid of computer technology.

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