This increases the heart rate of the individual, which leads to the release of dopamine, associated with pleasure. Acetylcholine receptors in the brain adapt to what they regard as normal levels of the hormones released, making smoking a necessity to maintain the new ‘normal’ level of pleasure. This is why smoking becomes a ‘necessary’ habit to maintain, as stopping can cause withdrawal symptoms such as irritable behaviour, sadness, anger, stress, fidgeting and depression. Smoking is considered as ‘addictive’
Addiction Addiction is a persisitent, compulsive dependence on a behavior or substance, including mood-altering behaviors or activities, despite ongoing negative consequences. Two Types of addictions: Substance addictions (alcoholism, drug abuse, and smoking) Process addictions (gambling, spending, shopping, eating, and sexual activity) There is a growing recognotion that many addicts, such as polydrug abusers, are addicted to more than one substance or process. Addictive behaviors initially provide a sense of pleasure or stability that is beyond the addict's power to achieve in other ways. Eventually, the addicted person needs to do the behavior in order to feel normal. 23% of college students meet the medical criteria for substance
Empathy and drug addiction Thomas Dawson Interpersonal Communication Empathy is the ability of one person to understand another’s point of view, and is important in some approaches to drug addiction treatment, in which the empathizer understands the addict’s point of view as valid. Empathy is powerful in building trust, and in developing a good relationship with the user, especially if the user’s behavior has lead to judgment and criticism from others in the past. It takes some people a very hard time to have empathy for drug addicts especially if they never had to go through life knowing and loving someone addicted to something as evil as drugs. Then after all the time, sweat and tears of understanding what empathy really means and to finally stop all the negativity and hate towards someone you love and to finally want to help this person you lose them to the power of the addiction. This happens every day to people all over the world, even me, and is a topic that people need to hear and understand.
11.Withdrawal syndrome: Symptoms associated with discontinuing the use of a habit-forming substance. Tolerance: Develop with prolonged use of a drug. 12. Explain the role of expectation in the influence of drugs on behavior. People who think they have taken a drug but really haven’t may display the effects of the drug because they expect to be affected by it.
The three theories I chose to compare and contrast is Psychodynamic theory, Behavioral theory, and Personality and crime. Psychodynamic theory says that some people encounter problems in during their early development that cause an imbalance in their personality. People that have psychosis primitive impulses control their personality. Some have mood disorders and are fearful. They may say they hear voices telling them what to do.
Unit 4222-605 Recognise indications of substance misuse and refer individuals to specialists 1.1 Alcohol is misused when it is drunk excessively - the recommended limits for adults are 2-3 units a day for women, and 3-4 for men. It is a depressant which slows down the brain and can effect mood and lower inhibitions. Illegal substances are split into 4 categories: stimulants, depressants, opiates and hallucinogens. * Stimlulants produce extreme well-being, and can increase alertness, confidence and energy levels, examples include ecstasy, cocaine and speed. * Depressants slow down the central nervous system and can reduce anxiety or emotional distress., examples include cannabis and barbiturates.
One reason often heard from people using drugs is that they do them to feel good. For real, it does feel good because most drugs act directly on the "pleasure center"--the limbic system—in the brain. People do drugs to change the way they feel. Often they want to change their situation. If they're depressed, they want to become happy.
The individual will not know that they have this disorder until their emotion state is put to the test. BPD individuals engage in self manipulating behaviors, suicide attempts and thoughts, they also show impulsive behavior, such as spending money, sex, and substance abuse. Supportive therapy may be the best approach when a person emotional stability is in question. Borderline personality disorder is a mental illness that needs to be closely and figured
Not only is it important for the client to realize that alcohol will not effectively help he or she in the situation, but support from others is useful. Family and friends who can support the client in the help for change can give the abuser the motivation and support needed to further move on with life. Counseling, Alcoholics Anonymous, and other support groups should be continued until the client has no further use of alcohol. Positive motivation, hobbies, and activities should be reinforced along with counseling to assess the client over a number of
People find a variety of ways to try to escape reality, or just ignore what is going on around them in the real world. The truth is, through all of these different ways to escape reality, the results can vary from an enlightening experience to a negative, or fatal end. Drugs Drugs are on the negative end of the spectrum. Although the high, for the moment of its stimulation, is amusing, it is only temporary. That just leads people to want to take the drugs again.