Complementary Therapies and Treatment Processes Essay

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There are a range of complementary therapies. Aromatherapy is one type of complementary therapy. The word "aromatherapy" was first used in the 1920s by a French chemist René-Maurice Gattefossé, who researched the healing properties of essential oils after an accident in his perfume laboratory. In the accident, he set his arm on fire and then put it into the nearest cold liquid, which happened to lavender oil. Immediately he noticed surprising pain relief, and instead of requiring the extended healing process he had experienced during recovery from previous burns, which caused redness, heat, inflammation, blisters, and scarring. This burn however healed remarkably quickly, with minimal discomfort and no scarring. Jean Valnet continued the work of Gattefossé. During World War 2 Valnet used essential oils to treat gangrene in wounded soldiers. Therefore aromatherapy became part of medical practice in France. Aromatherapy first came to England in beauty salons used for environmental fragrance or aerial disinfection, for respiratory disinfection, decongestion, expectoration as well as psychological effects, also for general massage, baths, light fittings, handkerchief or tissue, compresses and therapeutic skin care, candles and car fresheners. This made big business for beauty clinics when it was introduced to England. The sources of the essential oil are seeds, sunflowers, fruit peel such as an orange peel as it has a strong scent, grass, leaf, root tuber, wood and they are obtained in two ways. Distillation is one way of changing the process. Large vats are filled with selected part of plant. It is processed by stream distillation. Essential oil is separated from cooled condensed water, and the end result some oil is produced and some water is produced, which is lavender water. It takes a lot of time to make which is why it is expensive. The other way is solvent
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