Comparsion of Mesopotamia, Egypt and Isreal

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In the time after the last Great Ice Age, Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt and Israel were three important civilizations that flourished and left significant political and cultural traits onto one another. Mesopotamia, being one of the earlier civilizations had lasting impacts on Egypt and Israel. While these Empires shared many things in common, they also differed greatly in culture, religion, war and scientific research accomplished during their reign of power. Mesopotamia was the first region to enjoy the freedom of city-states, which is why it is known to be the first civilization. Each city-state enjoyed its own freedoms, but also shared many of the same things including language, religion and sciences. Trade between the city-states was also very important because it allowed goods to flow from one city to another. One of the most interesting facts about Mesopotamia can be seen in Hammurabi’s Code, the Amorite King Hammurabi’s list of crimes and punishments, which is known to be the earliest written “legal” writing of the time. Hammurabi’s code contains the famously known saying: “if a man has destroyed the eye of a member of the aristocracy: thy shall destroy his eye. If he has broken his limb: thy shall break the same limb.” Many people know about this saying but do not know where it came from; it is extremely interesting that it came from one of the earliest civilizations. The city-states of Mesopotamia and Hammurabi’s Code are the most influential parts of the Mesopotamia society to live on. Sargon and his army, known as one of the first professional armies, influenced other civilizations that came after. All of the later civilizations took part in war and took a page out of Sargon’s book by having professional armies ready to fight the wars of their rulers. Still used today, the Mesopotamians were the first to use denominations of sixty to
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