Comparison Paper

983 Words4 Pages
Comparison Paper History of Public Health Throughout the history of man the act of caring for individuals within a communal environment can be traced back to the Stone Age. Over those times however there was no definition for this act of preservation within a community. According to Answers (2011), “Public health was defined by the American public health leader, Charles-Edward A. Winslow, in 1920 as, "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting physical health and efficiency through organized community efforts for the sanitation of the environment, the control of community infections, the education of the individual in principles of personal hygiene, the organization of medical and nursing service for the early diagnosis and preventive treatment of disease, and the development of the social machinery which will ensure to every individual in the community a standard of living adequate for the maintenance of health" (para. 1). During the 13th and 14th century the spread of disease had become a serious problem. Diseases such as the bubonic plague, leprosy, smallpox, tuberculosis, syphilis, scabies, and anthrax were spreading across Europe at alarming rates. The bubonic plague or “Black Death” managed to spread throughout Europe within three years. It was at this time public officials started isolating patients and sanitary controls within communities were established to combat the spread of communicable diseases. The 16th and 17th century brought about a time in public health were scientists made breakthroughs in recognizing diseases and microorganisms. Though these periods brought about community involvement, awareness, and local policies no national policies were ever developed. It was not until the 19th century that national developments were made to keep up with the large number of growing cities in Europe. These trends in

More about Comparison Paper

Open Document