We are taught to blame slavery on the Southern states but we learned that the Northern states were just as responsible due to their lack of action, fear of the results due to abolishment, and most importantly their double standard on the stance of slavery. Professor Nash gives us and insightful view from the eyes of free blacks and their contribution in the fight for freedom and equality of African Americans. This book has given me an insight of our history of slavery that I was unaware of, people involved and events that took place. The struggle for equality that we have in our country now is evident that it stem from our past. Using these events we can understand ourselves and continue to build a stable and free America which our forefathers based their fight for liberty and freedom from England and strengthen the words written within our Constitution that establish freedom and equality for “ALL
Civil Rights Leader The two most famous figures in black American history were Malcolm X and Dr. Martin Luther King. Their religious background and approaches towards black liberation were different; they were almost the exact opposite of each other. Although their educational background and childhood experiences were different, their passion and purpose for black equality remains the same. Martin Luther King was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta Georgia. He was born to Reverend Martin Luther King Sr. and Alberta Williams King.
The NAACP’s momentum to keep fighting came from the victories it has won. Many people are a part of African American history today were involved in many ways to help fight desegregate the South. Thurgood Marshall, a lawyer, was the critique of the “separate but equal” doctrine that justified segregation. Thurgood Marshall won a number of significant cases, Morgan v. Virginia (1946), Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada (1938) and Sweatt v. Painter (1950).
This all changed when Nelson Mandela decided to start fighting for the equal rights of the the blacks. Both of these men had goals. And both these leaders used non-violence to protest. But to achieve these goals they had to use some types of strategy. Both Nelson Mandela and Gandhi will help prove how using civil disobedience helped them achieve their nationalistic goals.
At the time slaves were still legal in the south; therefore the act of of helping them escape to freedom was illegal. The appeal for freedom was very strong and there were many blacks speaking out on the issue. On unique piece of reading was the “Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World”, by David Walker. Walker was born free in North Carolina but still saw a better end for his brothers in the south. His writing was an appeal to the injustice of slavery in the Southern states, using political and religious means to convey his ideas.
In 1965, the Watts riots broke out in Los Angeles. The term "blacks" became socially acceptable, replacing "Negroes." Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African American civil rights movement. He is best known for being an iconic figure in the advancement of civil rights in the United States and around the world, using nonviolent methods following the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. King is often presented as a heroic leader in the history of modern American liberalism.
Malcolm X has been considered one of the most influential leaders in African American history. He was one of the most active advocates for black rights and rejected the mainstream ideas of civil rights leader such as Martin Luther King Jr. (Rollyson “Malcolm X”). Through speeches such as Message to Grassroots, Malcolm X uses the “house negro” and the “field negro” as a metaphor for the difference between the movement towards integration advocated by Martin Luther King and the Nation if Islam’s movement towards separation. He calls for unified opposition to stand up and fight against the white man. Malcolm X conveys in this speech the anger and fear that lived in the hearts of most African American at the time.
Great Leaders Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Junior were both African American who fought for equal opportunity for blacks in America, and both were in the civil rights movement, but they had different philosophy of life. Malcolm’s philosophies that violence must be stopped by any means necessary, and King’s philosophy was that in order to stop violence a person must ignore it, and sooner or later the violence will stop. They also had different beliefs Malcolm was a Muslim and King was a Baptist. King and Malcolm were two important figures who made a powerful impact in America during the turbulent 1960. In 1960 there was a lot of separation between the blacks and the whites.
Segregated from the rest of society and suffering emotionally, physically and economically the black community was looking for a leader and found one in Martin Luther King. A minister from Atlanta, King believed in the power peaceful protest, and began to lead public protests and boycotts. As the movement gained momentum King was able to raise public consciousness of the inequalities being suffered. Martin Luther King famously led the March on Washington, campaigning for equal rights and employment; here he delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech. Eventually securing equal rights for all Americans Martin Luther King became and still represents the greatest human rights icon in
Assess how effective Malcolm X’s strategies were in the Civil Rights Movement in America in the 1950’s and 1960’s. For a person to be effective they must achieve what they wanted many times and by doing this they gain respect and power. Malcolm X was thought of as an activist, an outspoken public voice of African American civil rights and a prominent leader of Nation of Islam, challenged the mainstream Civil Rights Movement and the nonviolent pursuit of integration championed by Martin Luther King Jr and promoted Black Nationalism that encompassed the belief in black separatism. Malcolm X urged his followers to defend themselves against white aggression thus not following the non-violent ways of other leaders. Malcolm X was one of America’s