Comparison Of Native American Removal

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The removal of the southern Native Americans was devastating to the Five Civilized Tribes. They were forced to leave their land and move to the west on reserved areas of land. Some left peacefully, others stayed and fought. The U.S. government tried to intervene and create treaties, but also enforced removal. The government didn’t do much to protect the Native Americans, nor were they able to enforce their own laws regarding Native American land and treaties. The Removal Act of 1830 was passed by President Andrew Jackson on April 23, 1980 (Wallace, 4-5). Andrew Jackson conveyed that removal of the Indians to the west was for their own best interest and that removal was to be voluntary (Wallace 65). The Removal Act provided for the Indians large areas of land west of the Mississippi River and each tribe would have its own territory. Those that chose to stay could keep their homes and their gardens, but would have to obey state laws and adapt to white culture and customs (Wallace 65). In February of1830, a removal bill had been passed authorizing the President to set aside Indian territory west of the Mississippi river, exchange districts for lands, grant tribes absolute ownership of their homes forever, engage in treaties with the tribes for the rearrangement of boundaries, and to ensure that any property left behind would be appraised and the Indians would be properly compensated. The act also provided aid and assistance to tribes who chose to emigrate and protection from hostile Indians and intruders (Wallace 66). In October 1829, before the Removal Act had actually been passed, Jackson urged the Indians to emigrate. The chiefs’ powers were weakened; annuities were terminated and divided among the Indians, and not distributed until they reached the West (Wallace 74). The U.S. tried creating a treaty with the Choctaws to get them to remove. Greenwood

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