Comparison of Italian and German Unifications

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In the second half of the 19th century, nationalism and revolutionary ideas swept through Europe. Two big nations, the Italians and Germans decided to unify the states that they were divided into and form strong countries. The process of unification in both countries was led by men such as Cavour in Italy and Bismarck in Germany, who through the use of manipulative politics, which led to events such as political warfare, were able to either accomplish all they desired or at least their main goals. The unification of Italy and Germany was propelled by great leaders and smart politicians who used great tactics to reach their goals. In Italy, the initiation of the idea of unification was started by Mazzini, who, with the idea of romantic republicanism, stirred up the nationalistic sentiment in his country. After the failed revolution of 1848, Camillo Cavour came into the sphere of unification and somewhat rejected Mazzini’s ideas. He believed that if Italy proves itself efficient and economically progressive, the great powers might decide to let it govern itself. Similarly, in Germany, Bismarck who was the prime minister of Prussia, believed that Germany must have a strong industrial base. Just like Cavour, he used tricky politics to unify his country and was thought to be Machiavellian. Both Bismarck and Cavour were conservative in the sense that they wanted a strong leader and they used nationalism to their advantage. In both unifications, the use of manipulative politics by Cavour and Bismarck lead to events such as political warfare. In Italy, Cavour believed that only French intervention could defeat Austria and lead to unification of Italy and therefore he sent troops to aid the French in the Crimean war in order to gain their sympathy. When he started getting prepared for war, Austria demanded that Piedmont should demobilize. This pushed Cavour to claim that
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