He had claimed that he was the brains of the unification as well as the diplomat by saying, “We ardently wish to free Italy from foreign rule…. We want to drive out the foreigners not only because we want to see our country powerful and glorious, but because we want to elevate the Italian people in intelligence and moral development.” (Document 3) Due to the Italians being so separated because it was also partially ruled by Austria, the people of Italy eventually came together and freed the North and South, therefore uniting Italy into one nation. Giuseppe Garibaldi, who was known as the “sword” of Italian unification, helped Italy’s unification in the South, by using his “Red Shirts”. Giuseppe Garibaldi stated, “O noble Thousand! I love to remember you!
Although the results were ineffective it was effective in the sense of spreading Nationalism. Mazzini was known as the heart of the revolution; he organized revolutionary groups such as the Society of Young Italy which aimed at training leaders and spreading nationalism in Italy which the main goal was to spread nationalism. Topic 2- Works of Cavour and Garibaldi- support of other countries The first country that helped Piedmont to unify Italy was France. After the Crimean War (1854-6) Napoleon III, king of France, agreed to help Piedmont in taking Lombardy and Venetia from Austria. In 1858, Cavour and Napoleon III met at Plombieres.
How significant was Mazzini in the growth of opposition to autocratic and foreign rule in Italy in the years 1831–49? (30) Mazzini was a republican nationalist who had a significant effect in the growth of anti-autocratic feeling in Italy. He had radical aims for the future of Italy and he envisioned unification. He was the first leader to indoctrinate in the minds of Italians a vision of political unification. Mazzini created the Young Italy society after the 1831 revolutions.
They saw the quickly growing countries as a threat, this all lead to the First and Second World War. The great conflagrations of the 20th century were caused by the leadership, nationalism and revolutionary tactics of the unified Germany and Italy. One of the main factors that made the unifications of both Germany and Italy to become so drastic were the leaders. These men caused the shift of power in Europe; basically resulting in conflagrations of the twentieth century, mainly the first and second World Wars. Both Count Camillo Cavour of Italy and Prussian Prime Minister Otto Von Bismarck brought their respective nations to unify in their own respective ways.
I will use quantative data where possible to give me a better insightinto both the competing academic perspectives and the influence and effectiveness of the regimes endeavours, which will go towards helpingmeformulate as informed a conclusion of my own as possible. Since the unification of Italy in 1870, the continual failings of liberal governments had seen Italy divided. Whereas the rise of National Socialism in Germany had been more of a direct result of the treaty of Versailles, the rise of Benito Mussolini's PNF was a more multi-faceted turn of events. The continual failings of liberal governments had seen Italy
Julio Serrano EN-102 Prof. Ignacio Arana 4-22-09 Fascism: Unity through Power In our modern times, the word “Fascism” makes allusion to a specific period of time, in the last century, when the world was submerged in struggles and war. Although, this term is surrounded by controversy, the theoretical government created by the Fascist ideology could be a model to follow in different conditions. The Fascist movement rose at the beginning of the 20th century, and created a nationalist system using unity through strength. Fascism is often confused with racism, because radical fascist ideas suggest that strength is a quality of superior races. For a better analysis of the topic it is necessary to understand the theory of Fascism, its roots, the people, and how it has influenced the 20th century.
Cavour then brought Napoleon III to his side with the cities of Nice and Savoy. Italian nationalism is linked back to 1797 when Napoleon took control of the Italian peninsula and created the puppet Kingdom of Italy. He joined smaller Italian city-states into larger units to make his rule more effective. He thought Austria was weakening as he created a united and powerful Italy. Giuseppe Garibaldi was able to harness the power of the mass, most especially the peasants.
Italian Unification as a result of Foreign Aids The Italian Unification was a result of foreign aids from France, Prussia, Britain and also Russia by helping to gain Italian states and by helping indirectly. Firstly, the Italian Unification was a result of foreign aids from France because France wanted to gain prestige. To do this, France helped gain Lombardy and Duchies of Italy. When France saw the strength of the Piedmontese army in the Crimean war 1854, France agreed to help Piedmont against Austria. For this agreement, both countries signed the Pact of Plombieres in 1858 where if Austria attacked Piedmont, France will send 200,000 troops to help.
Italy was particularly influenced by the career of Napoleon who first rose to fame with his Italian campaign (1796). Imitially, Napoleon and his invading armies were treated by Italians as liberators who taught them liberalism and nationalism. In fact, Napoleon instituted some reforms in Italy and even created a united Kingdom of Italy. These reinforced the impact of liberalism and nationalism. However, when Napoleon became more and more a dictator, he was opposed by Italians who rose into rebellion against Napoleonic
“To what extent was the unification of Italy due to the weakness of Austria?” Throughout Europe between 1815 and 1848 swept feelings of nationalism and a desire for unification, including the states collectively known as Italy. This lack of identity was underlined when Count Metternich said “Italy is just a geographical expression.” Nationalism promoted the belief in one language, one culture and the pride in one’s identity. Before unification, life in Italy was frustrating for those who wanted unification. The North and the South states were economically different; the pope influenced the central states. Nevertheless, the process began from 1861 and by 1871 boundaries had been settled.