Indian English literature (IEL) refers to the body of work by writers in
India who write in the English language and whose native or co-
native language could be one of the numerous languages of India. It
is also associated with the works of members of the Indian diaspora,
such as [[V.S. Naipaul], Kiran Desai and Salman Rushdie, who are of
IEL has a relatively recent history, it is only one and a half centuries old.
The first book written by an Indian in English was by Sake Dean Mahomet,
titled Travels of Dean Mahomet; Mahomet's travel narrative was published
in 1793 in England. In its early stages it was influenced by the Western art
form of the novel. Early Indian writers used English unadulterated by
Indian words to convey an experience which was essentially Indian.
Raja Rao's Kanthapura is Indian in terms of its storytelling qualities.
Rabindranath Tagore wrote in Bengali and English and was responsible for
the translations of his own work into English. Dhan Gopal Mukerji was the
first Indian author to win a literary award in the United States.
Nirad C. Chaudhuri, a writer of non-fiction, is best known for his .
The Autobiography of an Unknown Indian where he relates his life
experiences and influences. P. Lal, a poet, translator, publisher and
essayist, founded a press in the 1950s for Indian English writing,
Writers Workshop. R.K. Narayan is a writer who contributed over
many decades and who continued to write till his death recently. He
was discovered by Graham Greene in the sense that the latter helped
him find a publisher in England. Graham Greene and Narayan
remained close friends till the end. Similar to Thomas Hardy's Wessex,
Narayan created the fictitious town
of Malgudi where he set his novels. Some criticise Narayan for the
parochial, detached and closed world that he created in...