Daniel Argueta Period 6 08/30/13 Gardner Summary and Analysis Howard Gardner argues that, in the debate over technological advancement and declining literacies, we might soon be entering a new era of literacy that we cannot now envision due to technologies yet to be invented. Literacy is a concern for some experts but others believe that the Internet is just a stepping stone to a greater age of literacy. According to the doomsayers computers are extinguishing literacy. For instance: low reading scores, less leisure reading time, and half the adult population reading no books in a year support the doomsayers’ claims. However, optimists believe that the Internet will bring in a new culture of words.
Ferguson follows up with pathos by characterizing fifteen-year-old student Colin Johnson with: “the tenth grader is failing science” (196). The use of pathos here induces anger towards computer use by displaying the student’s inability to pass an elementary course. Even her primary evidence relies on ethos since the research is conducted by economists Thomas Fuchs and Ludger Woessman, regarded as intelligent folks due to the attainment of a PhD. The audience treats this use of ethos as verification for the evidence. In addition to the rhetorical appeals, Ferguson uses a brilliant diction to manipulate the audience.
This is the kind of mathematics that most parents and government officials recognize as the curricula that they attempted to learn when they were in school. It consists primarily of arithmetic or computation and it is about finding answers to questions such as “17 is what percent of 9,and so that it is all about “solving for x” and memorizing formulas. The question is what is constructivism and does it effect student in math courses? Constructivism inn math terms is intuition into the theory that mathematical entities do not exist independently of our construction of them . Basically its saying that math is expressed in a different way to children than how adults intake math information.
Ultimately, this essay will argue that ideas about childhood have changed to a great extent as a result of factors which have been altered or introduced from the 18th century to the 21st century. Indeed, the changes in human values have helped shaped the concept of ‘childhood’, well as the spread and dominance of the Western world has influenced new culture, trends and behaviour of the youth. Furthermore, the rapid development of technology has changed the lifestyle of the 21st child as it has introduced them to a variety of harmful things which are easily accessible. Firstly, ‘children in art’, ‘the romantic childhood’ and ‘the childhood development’ are all concepts which have all been viewed differently throughout the different generations. ‘Children in art’ is a concept which involves the drawing of children in artworks such as paintings and sculptures to represent ideas in contrast with religion, morals and position.
Books have been the cornerstone of our society for centuries, especially after the invention of the printing press perhaps the most important invention in human history because it carried history, the medium that gave us our initial knowledge about important events in the past, literacy and themes or universal truth the teach life lessons. Digital technology has begun to radically change the role of books in our society. Like for example, the usual books that we carry around while walking inside the university has been suddenly replaced by portable hardware’s installed with an eReader. Like what is presently adopted by La Salle Green Hills in Mandaluyong city. They issued 500 eBooks to selected students to lessen their burden in carrying books.
The industrial revolution introduced mass production and greater markets. The world was slowly transpiring into a global village, with all the new machinery and technology being produced. Ultimately, the industrial revolution was a turning point in history that paved the way for technological, scientific, and cultural advancements. However, with all these advancements, there are negative consequences to be faced. This can be demonstrated through the examination of urbanization, the rise of new classes, theories (by Smith, Malthus and Ricardo), and factory conditions.
The internet may not be the source of the problem, but Carr refers to a study done by a college that suggests that there is a chance that it is. Carr provides an example of a man whose writing changed dramatically when he started using a typewriter because of poor eyesight. This example points out that the utensil which is used to write changes the style of the writer. Carr questions whether the same thing happens when people read. Carr explains that the internet changed the way reading works dramatically.
How the Web Destroys the Quality of Students’ Research Papers In the article “How the Web Destroys the Quality of Students’ Research Papers”, David Rothenberg argues that the qualities of undergraduate’s papers have been reducing because of overuse of the internet. Accordingly his article, Rothenberg tells us that mostly students, who find information from the Web, is based on fundamental facts. First, he points that there are only articles or information on the bibliography cites and those information are out dated, he sees one of his student’s work that his resource has been published for a long time. He also discovers most of the students’ works are very cleanly and analysis it nicely, but actually the details that his student give are not related to the material; it jumps on and off on the topics. Moreover, students do not try to proof read their assignment before they hand it out.
Turkle began to study not only what the computer does for us, but what was doing to us. Issues with advancing technology began when the change from slide rules to calculators happened. The effect of the calculator changed the way that students learned; their reliance on calculators instead of the mind to solve the material presented created errors in their work. Mistakes were made more frequently with the use of a calculator, and students failed to learn and understand the actual material. A sense of privacy had been an afterthought once technology advanced with the use of blogging, instant messaging, chat rooms, and the internet.
CHANGING NATURE OF WORK In the last 100 years there have been an enormous amount of changes in the working environment. At the turn of the last century a portion the population were unable to read or write This did not stop them from being employed as they were trained on the job and became skilled workers. In this day and age if people are illiterate they are virtually unemployable. The nature of work has changed in keeping with the change of our civilisation. In the 1980’s who would have thought of having personal computers or being able to log on the Internet.