Prior to analyzing human development through the scientific study, philosophers offered theories to explain age related differences observed in individuals of different ages. Many of these theories continue to influence the field of human development and many Western beliefs in practiced today, originated from those theories (Boyd & Bee, 2006). This paper will consider human development in the areas of prenatal, infancy, early childhood, middle childhood, adolescence, young adulthood, middle adulthood, and late adulthood. Developmental theories pertaining to the various stages of development will be explored as will the affect early stages have on later development. Finally, this future clinician will attempt to evaluate how the knowledge learned in this class will influence planning inventions in her specialization of clinical psychology.
I will explain physically, socially, emotionally and socially about her development in her childhood and adolescence years. After to complete my distinction I will write about adulthood and old-age and write how I think Genie will be affected in those life stages and then will justify why I think that is. Key terms Nature: inherited influences such as our genes and physiological make up Nurture: How life has influenced us through our experiences. The nature-nurture debate is one of the oldest issues in psychology. The debate is about weather our genetic inheritance or environmental factors are the way we are.
Positive behaviour is strongly linked to respect for others and what is generally accepted as 'good' behaviour tends to be centred on this. Positive behaviour is about learning self-control and consideration for the needs of others. Children and young people will adopt the behaviour of the adults around them so setting a good example is the first thing all that adults should do when working with them. If children and young people are dealt with aggressively then they will respond in an aggressive manner (self-defence) so if adults always remember to be polite and say ‘please’ and ‘thank you’ then they are more likely to copy. If we encourage and
Children need to be treated as individual’s also remembering good communication of your concern and interest is essential to the child, also of importance is being honest about how you feel of which will show children that expressing your emotions is ok. Residential workers who have a determined resilience perspective will often make a positive and long lasting difference to looked after children’s
Every child is born with its own genetics and is then influenced by numerous environmental factors. Undue aggression, high anxiety and unresolved oppositional behaviour interfere with emotional development in childhood (3 to 11 years of age) and the emotional development that has occurred in childhood makes a difference to emotional expression, understanding and behaviours in adolescence (12 to 19 years of age). Gaining an understanding of the physiological and environment interactions that occur to influence emotional development is helpful in understanding the affects that aggression, oppositional behaviour and anxiety have on development both during childhood and adolescence. Emotional experiences in early life affect physical brain development just as brain development also affects the type of emotional experience that it is possible for a child to feel. Shore (1997) has found that electrical activity induced in the young brain by the action of the environment on the brain actually changes the physical structure of the brain.
I believe if Vygotsky had the opportunity to finish his work and converse with Piaget they would have seen that both tenets are correlated. Vygotsky referred and placed weight to the role of language and hypothesize that learning takes place in the zone of proximal development. Erickson discusses eight stages of development and takes us to middle age, acknowledging that the brain does, in fact, change after humans reach adulthood (Boeree, 1997, 2006). However Erikson struggled with his own identity, consequently his crisis driven theory is parallel to several famous others but with some distinct differences. Each and every theorist showed stages of the societal awareness of how we learn and how the brain works.
1992 DOI 10.1007/s11126-010-9154-y ORIGINAL PAPER Borderline Personality Disorder: Considerations for Inclusion in the Massachusetts Parity List of ‘‘Biologically-Based’’ Disorders Mary Ellen Foti • Jeffrey Geller • Laura S. Guy • John G. Gunderson • Brian A. Palmer • Lisa M. Smith Published online: 1 October 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010 Abstract: Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a common and severe mental illness that is infrequently included under state mental health parity statutes. This review considers BPD parity, using the Massachusetts mental health parity statute as a model. While BPD can co-occur with other disorders, studies of its heritability, diagnostic validity/reliability, and response to specific treatments indicate it is best considered an independent disorder, one that negatively impacts the patient’s treatment response to comorbid disorders, particularly mood disorders. Persons with BPD are high utilizers of treatment, especially emergency departments and inpatient hospitalizations—the most expensive forms of psychiatric treatment. While some patients remain chronically symptomatic, the majority improve.
FASD: Pregnancy and Alcohol,Prenatal Alcohol Exposure, and Risks and Interventions Laura M. Robbins Ivy Tech College Author Note Laura M. Robbins, Department of Psychology, Ivy Tech. Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Laura Robbins, 12070 Clear Sky Court, Fishers, IN 46037. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Prenatal Alcohol Exposure, and Risks and Interventions Pregnancy and Alcohol, Risks and Interventions Marchetta states that fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs), emcompassencompass a wide-range of alcohol-related birth defects, and alcohol-related neurodevelopment disorders, which are estimated to affect at least 1% of all births in the United States (as cited in May, 2001, p. 159-67). According to Kully-Martens (2012), “FASD is an umbrella term that includes a range of physical, behavioral, cognitive, and psychosocial impairments that result from prenatal alcohol exposure.” (p. 1). In addition to these effects FASD due