In the sense of who had a more effective philosophy, I would have to agree for Martin Luther King Jr. I believe that Martin Luther King had a more effective method due to the fact that he believed that Violence doesn't solve violence. Martin Luther King had an above violence sense of mind where he believed that if you work out your issues peacefully and quietly, Violence would not be caused for whereas Malcolm X fought violence with violence. Martin Luther King's philosophy was more likely to work because, He believed that using boycotts would get the point of African Americans across. He wanted it to be known that black people had huge dreams and would stop at nothing to achieve them.
Lack of democracy In many ways the US Constitution is an undemocratic document. Many of the founders were scared of democracy because they believed in bad human nature: people are both virtue and self-interest, so simple democracy can’t work (Federalist #55). In general, the constitution was created to protect the minority from the majority. In order to prevent over use of power, faction (#10) and tyranny a separation of power complex structure (also known as “checks and balances” #51) was built (based upon the philosophy of Montesquieu), under which the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government are kept distinct. Philosophers, such as John Locke, supported the principle in their writings, whereas others, such as
Most of the citizen listen to the governments idea if equality because either they agree with the idea of absolute equality or because they fear the government and they don’t want to have to face the consequences of rebelling against the governments harsh and oppressive ideologies. Equality may be achieved in the most literal form of the word, but it is achieved at the cost of freedom. Freedom is no longer in their society because they do not have the freedom to think any more, a prime example would be the “mental handicap radio” (464) that is places in George’s ear in order to distract him from his own thoughts. In Harrison Bergeron the television is used in order to essentially brain wash the citizens and to instill fear into them as well. The importance of the television is seen through out the short story by having the entire narrative taking place with both the main characters, Hazel and George, being in front of the television the whole time.
Stanley Milgram Obedience is an essential instinct. Stanley Milgram’s essay, “The Perils of Obedience,” shows his us that humans will basically do anything they are told to and he tries to figure out why this is. Milgram proposes that people feel responsible for carrying out the wishes of an authority figure, but they do not feel responsible for the actual actions they are performing. He decides that the increasing division of labor in society encourages people to focus on a smaller task and to avoid responsibility for anything that they do not directly control. Conservative philosophers debate that the very basics of society are endangered by rebellion, though humanists strain the importance of a singular conscience.
I strongly oppose this, because it is confusing. These Acts go against a freedom that people take for granted. It is meaningless to have an Amendment if we know that our government can take it away. Talking freely should not be punished, because according to our founding fathers, it deserves to be in the 1st Amendment. However, Congress thinks differently, and they follow through with their punishments.
The Milgram experiment and the Stanford prison experiment both show proof of what power and obligation to please authority can do to a person. Power and obedience may be at the opposite ends of the spectrum but they both bring out certain traits in human beings that are ethically and morally wrong. To have power over an individual can cause a person to display cruel behavior, while being solely obedient to authority can cause a person to act in a cowardly fashion The major divisions in today’s society make people want power, and when they receive it, they tend to abuse it for fear of losing it. Zimbardo’s prison experiment shows that even in hypothetical circumstances power people receive over individuals can be disastrous. His experiment portrays the different ways certain roles put on individuals can affect them.
Rules such as: deception, protection of participants and the right to withdraw. Participants were deceived by description of task because he did not want to give away the true nature of the experiment. Participants believed they were investigating punishment and learning to which they gave full consent but the study was on obedience. However before undertaking the experiment Milgram spoke with psychiatrists to determine whether people would be obedient and follow the instructions, they predicted that most subjects would not go above 150 volts, while 4% could be expected to reach 300 volts. The results contradicted the prediction and 65% of normal working class men continued to the maximum voltage.
In comparison to a court decision one cannot use personal feeling towards the final decision in a case, but Huck felt otherwise. Huck is being disciplined for his beliefs and he does not want to be part of a lifestyle that does not support his ways. For example, his choice not to turn in Jim because he knows of what he did shows that Huck understands why Jim is escaping and feels for him rather than just to do the right thing according to society. Huck sees Jim as a friend, a companion whom he finds close not as a slave. With that said he truly is able to see that society's way of treating Jim is completely wrong.
The quote by Martin Luther King “…freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed” is saying that a ruler will not willing give freedoms to those he is oppressing, unless a large enough disturbance is caused throughout his victims. I find this quote compelling because it not only was true during the time Martin Luther and his companions were facing, but still have meaning today. Martin Luther King uses two main topics that stood out to me in his explanation of the oppressors, over the oppressed; the fact that the people who are not being victimized do not notice anything else around them, making them voiceless, and concern free for the torment surrounding their neighbor, and secondly, the fact that
They think they can oppress us because they are strong and we are weak. But I know that my people have hope and unity. I see nothing but fear in their actions, they’re afraid of losing us. In fact, it is no secret that they already have. We do not wish for the king to abdicate his throne nor do we wish for our motherland to face turmoil.