The second outcome of the revolutions was that the countries were dramatically changed, two great powers were stopped and communist leaders eventually took over in the two countries. Russia and China both shared similar goals in that they both wanted a new form of government and leadership. Russia’s ruler was Tsar Nicholas II which ruled Russia for more than three centuries. China’s ruling dynasty was the Qing Dynasty. Tsar Nicholas II wasn’t much of a good ruler for Russia; he ignored the fact that Russia wasn’t doing so good and overlooked the industrialization and nationalism that was occurring throughout Russia.
He believed there should be a smychka (alliance) between peasants and workers (didn’t want to create differences between them.) • Trotsky wanted to abolish the NEP- Resented the fact that much of the USSR’s industry was under the direct control of the government. Hated the NEPMEN (traders who made large profits from the NEP.) Wanted to end the inequality between poor peasants and kulaks. Wanted to abolish private farms and introduce collective farming.
Mao adapted Communist ideas to China and he followed in Joseph Stalin’s footsteps by abusing his power and crippling the Chinese in fear with his totalitarian rule. In this essay I will be exploring the factors contributing to one of the biggest disputes in historical knowledge. Was Mao Zedong’s role in achieving communism genuine or has it been exaggerated and morphed by the Asian populations living under absolute despotism. “Idealism is no panacea in a totalitarian regime.” 1 - Quoted by a 20th century philosopher. It wasn’t said about Mao however it adapts to his ideas and aspirations.
However, even with all the differences, both empires managed to keep their territories protected, organized, and civilized. The political differences amongst Han China and Imperial Rome were based off their ways of life. In China, the idealistic philosophy on how to live was Confucianism; it is what kept order in the hierarchy. People in China followed this, thus keeping everyone doing what they were supposed to and maintaining balance. Because this philosophy was connected with divinity from nature, China managed to maintain stable control politically.
A Han government official from early second century B.C.E. (Doc. 1) had a very positive attitude towards technology because he believed that it was only beneficial to society. He writes, “I request that you establish water conservation offices in each district and staff them with people who are experienced in the ways of water.” He not only suggests the need for these offices, he requests them. His point of view is that technology, especially
The Han see technology as a way to help people work less and get things done quicker, but the Romans had an opposite thought, they didn’t care about the common people like the Han, the upper class Romans were using the technology to benefit themselves not the commoners, both the Han and Roman both find technology appealing. The Han viewed technology as a way to help people with their work; they invented stuff like paper and etc. These inventions were mainly used to help people and fix the problems in their society. According to document 1, the Han government used technology to get rid of disasters like flood, this shows that they cared about their people enough to get rid of flood for them, it’s seemed like the Han mainly built their technology to help their people. In document 2, Haun Guan showed why technology is used to aid the Chinese, he talks about the problem that the people were having without the proper technology or without any technology such as iron tools that the workers uses.
The Liberals knew they had to find a way of keeping the working class votes. Reform could therefore be seen as a rather selfish, politically advantageous response to political change. Changing attitudes within the party, summed up as New Liberalism were influential in promoting change and the example of Municipal socialism encouraged Liberal politicians towards national reforms is also holds water as a very influential factor. Many Historians still believe that the reforms were introduced due to genuine concern over the poor after Rowntree and Booth’s discoveries. Their discoveries were startling and unsuspected.
Michelle Smith HSC 1102 (Midterm paper Gandhi vs. King) March 18, 2013 Both Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr. used a policy of nonviolent resistance to campaign for change. Instead of countering violence with violence against their aggressors, they chose to resist unfair laws and call for collective social reform by nonviolent methods such as boycotting. After the British forced the Indians to become dependent on British cloth imports, Gandhi led a complete Indian boycott of British clothes. Similarly, King later organized a complete boycott of buses to promote his cause until the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that segregation on public buses was unconstitutional. A major difference was that Gandhi campaigned against unjust laws of the British government, while Martin Luther King Jr. campaigned for rights that "colored" people were already lawfully supposed to have.
There have been many remarkable characters in history that have chosen to place more importance in individual conscious and moral duty than the duty owed to governmental law. One very important person in history that chose to honor his conscious instead of government law was Gandhi. Gandhi opposed British rule in India after the Amritsar Massacre, where British soldiers gunned down non-violent Indian protestors. After this incident, he realized that India was in need for self-rule. Gandhi then organized large-scale non-violent campaigns for easing poverty, broadening women’s rights, religious harmony, and most importantly, self-rule.
Marx argument was against the "infamous" communist proposal of abolishing the family. He says the modern family is based on capital and private gain. Communists are also criticized for their desire to abolish country and nationality. Also Marx said, “Free education for all children in public schools, and abolition of children’s factory labor in its present form.” In the communist country like China education isn’t free. If you want to go to school, you have to pay money to go to school.