Doing this Sparta and Athens won the war against the Persians, but ended up losing to Rome. Leonidas impacted our generation today by giving us entertainment, courage, and a basis for a need for a strong military. He lived from about 540 B.C. to August 11, 480 B.C. in the battle of Thermopylae.
Should Alexander The Great Be Considered “The Great”? Ubaid Thoophany 5/11/15 Alexander the great should be considered the great because of all the great things he did. He made his kingdom overpowered, and built a name for himself and his people, which is a very brave and hard thing to do. First off, he ruled his kingdom Macedonia, well and helped it by making the right choices for his empire. Also, he fought in many wars with such bravery to prove himself worthy and determined to be known as “The Great”.
After leaving Alexandria, Caesar swept his army through Asia Minor where he defeated the rebellious king Pharnaces is such plain fashion that he uttered described it in only a three words, "veni, vedi, vici" or "I came, I saw, I conquered." In October of 47 B.C., Caesar returned to Rome a great leader and war hero to complete his reign. In 44 B.C. he was named to his 5th consulship and in the same year became dictator for life. Unfortunately, this would not be as long of a reign as he anticipated.
Alexander the Great (r. 336-323) assumed the Macedonian throne after Phillip II of Macedonia fell victim to an assassin’s dagger. This young man, one of the most remarkable personalities of western civilization, was to have profound impact on history. He was able to maintain the enormous territory that he had conquered. The impact this had on the culture was huge. By overthrowing the Persian Empire and by spreading Hellenism, Greek culture, language, thought, and way of life, as far as India, Alexander was instrumental in creating a new Hellenistic era.
WHY DID CAESAR EMBARK ON CIVILWAR? Caesar found it necessary to cross the Rubicon for many reasons, most of all due to the new regulations set by Pompey in Rome. During Caesar_s campaign in Gaul, Pompey was the most powerful man in the government, and he intended to keep it that way. Lucan states, ” Caesar could no longer endure a superior, nor Pompey an equal.‘ After Crassus died, the triumvirate between these three men broke down and Pompey and Caesar became rivals. In 52 BC, Pompey became sole-consul, and passed legislations which affected Caesar_s position in power.
Alexander gained the support of the Macedonian nobility and consolidated his power in Greece. With a lightning-quick strike he captured Thebes and killed some 6,000 of its defenders. After that, he faced no serious opposition from the city-states, and embarked on a mission that had been Philip's dream: conquest of the vast Persian Empire to the east. Alexander's army moved into Asia Minor. Eventually, Alexander and his army passed through the ancient Phrygian capital of Gordian.
The Roman Empire had a very different foundation from the Persian’s monarch grounds. The Republic of Rome began in 509 BCE when the last Etruscan king was overthrown. The Republic was governed by the Senate, a form of oligarchy. The Republic lasted until 49 BCE, when Julius Caesar, a consul of the senate, betrayed Pompey, another consul, marched into Rome and proclaimed himself Emperor. After the third civil war and Caesar’s grandnephew, Augustus Caesar, names himself dictator and emperor for life, the Roman Empire went through Pax Romana, where the empire flourished during a time of
482 – 565 Justinian the Great, was Byzantine Emperor from 527 to 565. During his reign, Justinian sought to revive the Empire's greatness and reconquer the lost western half of the Roman empire. Greek Fire- a weapon used by the Eastern Roman Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines usually used it in battles to great effect as it could continue burning while floating on water. It provided a technological advantage, and was responsible for many key Byzantine military victories, most notably the salvation of Constantinople from two Arab sieges, thus securing the Empire's survival.
In fact, he carefully pieced together a patchwork of powers that allowed him to be an absolute ruler and yet avoid the hatred Caesar aroused as dictator. In Latin, the name Augustus implies both political authority and religious respect. The Romans had for some time called Octavian imperator, a title once awarded to victorious generals that soon became associated with the ruler and thus led to the English word emperor. In 27 BC he was first called princeps (leading man of the state), which later became the official title of the Roman emperors. His imperium, or military authority, extended throughout the empire and was greater than the power of any other governor or
Describe the conquests of Alexander the Great and analyze the legacy of his empire Alexander the Great was a very powerful man. He was a king, a military tactician and troop leader. He had quite an accomplished life in the short space of time he would have lived. Including in his accomplishments were his many conquests. In three hundred and thirty five B.C (335 B.C), as general of the Greeks in a campaign against the Persians originally planned by his father, he carried out a successful campaign against the defecting Thracians, penetrating to the Danube River.