Compare Ways in Which Youth Work Has Changed over Time by Considering Factors That Have Influenced It

1598 Words7 Pages
“There are various methods that are used to understand “communities” and each method has advantages and disadvantages”. Discuss this statement using four examples of the types of methods that may be used. Many definitions of community have been put forward; sociologists have said it is one of the most indefinable words and now has no specific meaning (Day, 2006). Principally there are four theoretical ways of understanding community. The first is as a spatial concept which refers to locality, the second considers culture and identity, the third boundaries and conflict and finally governance (Mooney & Neal, 2009). Blackshaw (2010) describes community as more than the total of its individual parts, these being locality, a shared sense of belonging and the social network. Community is often viewed sentimentally with individuals having an imaginary view of a perfect, welcoming and safe environment (Day, 2006). The term community is overused in general vocabulary and has now become ambiguous and unclear in its meaning. Nisbet, as far back as 1967, recognised the importance of the idea of community; however he also recognised there was a danger of its meaning becoming diluted. Up to the 1970s theories of community were commonly understood as a place based or spatial concept and they recognised a community existed when people lived and interacted together (Mooney & Neal, 2009). A predominant theory of community is the one proposed by Tönnies in 1963. Tönnies viewed community as the formation of human unity through the merging of family, place, everyday interaction and the creation of a sense of belonging. He believed that industrialisation had altered communities and recognised two distinct forms of community, the first being Gemeinschaft and the second being Gesellschaft. Gemeinschaft refers to traditional rural communities that have sincere and

More about Compare Ways in Which Youth Work Has Changed over Time by Considering Factors That Have Influenced It

Open Document