Constructivism is another school of psychology, and focuses directly on how people learn; specifically how knowledge is acquired and how it is transformed into learning. The constructivist theory relates to how a person experiences the world. Piaget was particularly interested in how the child experiences the world and how this aspect affects cognitive development. Jean Piaget was born in Switzerland. He was an immensely intelligent man and at the age of
Considering the work of key pioneers and current experts with links to child development theory. There are many theories about how children learn and develop. This area of study is called developmental psychology which covers subjects such as cognitive, language and emotional development. The research methods are based heavily on the on going assessments carried out by observing children over a period of time. Assessment is part of the process of understanding what children know, understand and can do so that future teaching steps can be appropriately planned.
Vygotsky supports this notion and argues that family centered care increases children’s awareness through dialogue, child initiated play, and other engaging challenging explorations such as small groups interactions and the overall interactions with others. Reggio Emilia believes that family centered care is crucial in a child’s development. Emilia believes that every teacher should have learning and teaching experience. Not only should
Describe and evaluate Piaget’s theory cognitive development For this essay I have decided to describe and evaluate one cognitive development theory, the one that I have chosen is Piaget theory of cognitive development. I would be talking about Piaget’s theory and also look at both the positive and negative factor of his idea. One of the most influential theorists of cognitive development was put forward by Jean Piaget (1896-1980). Piaget said as children develop they acquired cognitive structures, which are mental representation to understand and interacting with their own environment. This is done through the use of schemas.
Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development Jean Piaget (1896-1980) studied how children’s thought processes develop and has been very influential in our understanding of children’s cognitive development. He believed that interaction with peers was the most critical factor in children’s cognitive development. ‘He described children as ‘"little scientists," actively constructing their own theories about the world, testing these theories, and adjusting to new information’ (quote taken from Kendra's Psychology Blog at about.com: Psychology). He suggested mental plans - schemas (schemata) function as guides for action, as structure for interpreting information, as frameworks for solving problems. (For full explanation on schemas, conservation, assimilation and accommodation and explanations of terminology see appendix 2).
The child is thought of to be a “blank slate”. (Karmiloff & Karmiloff-Smith, 2001). And also that learning occurs due to kinships that are made between stimuli, responses, and events that will happen after the response behavior. Language is then learned as a result of these unions and associations. This perspective is focused on the aspect of the semantic, syntactic, and the morphemic language knowledge.
By basing knowledge on how children develop and learn, it can help make more developmentally appropriate activities. The children would learn more, and you would be more successful as a teacher. *Appreciate and support the bond between the child and family. If you appreciate the bond between the child and family, teaching in the classroom
HOW MOTOR DEVELOPMENT IS ENCOURAGED IN MONTESSORI CLASSROOM Movement Maria Montessori foresaw many developments in the study of movement and how it pertains to children and their education. It is necessary to consider how and why movement was such an integral part of her philosophy and how evidence from modern day research confirms the importance of movement in education. Both Montessori and educational specialists draw a link between movement and brain development The education of a child’s physical movements is very complex . . .
My Educational Philosophy is to educate the whole child. So my Philosophy is that of an Idealist, and somewhat of a Realist. I believe each child is a unique individual who needs a safe, loving, and stimulating environment in which to grow and mature mentally, intellectually, spiritually, physically, and socially. (Metaphysics) It is my desire as an educator to inform, tutor, to educate occurrence, ideas, and generally awaken student’s creative expression, giving them all the knowledge and tools they need to learn. In order to accomplish this, I would have to act as a guide for each of them, allowing their natural inquisitiveness to direct his or her learning, giving the opportunity for achievement, the giving of challenging responsibility, along with the growth in stature and peer recognition should all be appropriate, worthwhile, offered sincerely and done in public, for example; the teacher’s individualized goals for the child, the child’s goals for him or herself, and the family’s goals for the child, which will then promote
A) Compare and contrast any two of the methodologies that you have pursued in this phase and write a comparative essay. There are numerous approaches to early childhood education. Two perspectives, developed by Friedrich Froebel and Maria Montessori, have similarities as well as many differences. Both approaches are based on the idea that early childhood learning is holistic and intertwined with the developmental progression of the child. They are both constructivist, holding that children learn through constructing meaning with their world.