Han China used a philosophy known as Confucianism and Imperial Rome had religious tolerance meaning people could follow any religion they would like. The main religion in Rome was Christianity. In Han China, Confucianism was used by the government. Everyone was encouraged to follow the ideals and -teachings of Confucianism by the government. This could have contributed to the long reign of the Han because there was there would be virtually no fighting or persecution between people of different beliefs because mostly everyone followed the same philosophy.
Although Buddhism and Christianity were different in that Buddhism spread nonviolently due to Buddhism Principles, while Christianity spread violently through invasions due to the spread of the religion to different regions . They were more similar in that both religions expanded and grew larger after the conversion of powerful political leaders because political rulers of different empires sent missionaries to foreign lands to spread the religion. They were also more similar in that both religions spread along the silk road because the movement of people and ideas along the silk road led to cultural diffusion. Buddhism spread nonviolently through the movement of monks and missionaries along the silk road. The missionaries that were sent by Ashoka Maurya wanted to spread their religon in a peaceful way, so they don’t disobey Buddhism philosophy.
Many functionalists argue that religion benefits both society as a whole as well as its individual members however other sociologists may oppose this view and claim that those who do actually benefit from religion this is at the expense of others, this in itself contradicts many of the beliefs set out in religions themselves. The consensus view as posed by functionalists presents religion in a far more positive light in comparison to that put forward by Marxists and feminists for example. As in Item A, stating that religion integrates individuals into a community by instilling into them a set of shared beliefs that gives them a feeling of belonging and common identity supporting the view that religion does benefit society as a whole. On the other hand it can be viewed that those who benefit from religion is in fact at the expense of others, as stated in Item A line 5. This contradicts the positive view towards religion and poses it in a much more negative light.
The Han see technology as a way to help people work less and get things done quicker, but the Romans had an opposite thought, they didn’t care about the common people like the Han, the upper class Romans were using the technology to benefit themselves not the commoners, both the Han and Roman both find technology appealing. The Han viewed technology as a way to help people with their work; they invented stuff like paper and etc. These inventions were mainly used to help people and fix the problems in their society. According to document 1, the Han government used technology to get rid of disasters like flood, this shows that they cared about their people enough to get rid of flood for them, it’s seemed like the Han mainly built their technology to help their people. In document 2, Haun Guan showed why technology is used to aid the Chinese, he talks about the problem that the people were having without the proper technology or without any technology such as iron tools that the workers uses.
This was implemented in order to emphasize the importance of religion throughout a state of government. Also, the Byzantine empire followed Eastern Orthodox Christianity which was very non-tolerant to non-christians. However, the Islamic empire was tolerant to a point. They allowed for non-muslims to believe it what they wanted, but they would have to pay an extra tax that muslims did not have to pay. The thought of a theocracy in the Byzantine empire helped them to thrive after being partitioned from the western Roman empire.
Compare and Contrast Essay: Buddhism and Christianity There are numerous similarities and differences between the spread of Christianity and Buddhism from their origins. One difference would be that Buddhism began much earlier than Christianity. Buddhism was founded in the 6th century BCE and Christianity was founded in the 2nd century CE. One of the major similarities would be that both of these religions appealed to the lower classes because they were religions of salvation. This is because people of the lower class had something to look forward to in the afterlife.
Functionalists, Marxists, Social Action Theorists and Feminists see religion as a conservative force, whereas Neo – Marxists and Weberians see it as dynamic. Functionalists see religion as a good conservative force in society. After studying the Aborigines, Durkheim, a consensus theorist, concluded that it promoted collective consciousness, integration and social solidarity. Malinowski studied the Trobriand Islanders and found that religion was what helped believers during the crises of life – birth, puberty, marriage and death – these events caused stress and anxiety and religion helps the individual deal with these emotions, the individual is then stabilised and any threat the unstable individual might have posed to the group is wiped away. Different to Durkheim and Malinowski, Parsons said that religion promotes consensus by doing two things; it answers the big questions in life and religious laws and society’s laws go hand in hand.
Some of these similarities include being religions of salvation, believing in a higher power/God, and the belief in being moral humans. Although the two religions have much in common at their core, their differences on the surface are what make the two religions appeal to different types of people. Some of the main difference include Christianity believing in one God, the Hindu belief in reincarnation, and how each person gets to Brahman/Heaven. The chart above further explains the similarities and differences in these two religions. Similarities Both believe that there is a part of us that is considered holy or divine Both worship a divine figure to bring good fortune upon themselves Both believe in a perfect place you go to after death Both believe in similar creation stories.
The Qur’an described the importance of being sincere, patient, and charitable (Doc B). It also promised good things, like everlasting life in paradise, for people who are true to Islam (Doc B). Even non-Muslims appreciated that they could still follow their faiths as long as they agreed to a Pact that had them pay a bit extra for rights and protections (Doc E). The Qur’an and the Muslim tolerance for other people provided ideas about God and ways of living that many people found very attractive, and because of this, many more people became
Mormons also believe in visions, healing, and speaking in tongues. Mormons believe in being honest, true, and doing good for all people. They believe in having kings, presidents, and leaders of the sort. They also believe in honoring and obeying the laws of the land. They believe in worshipping God in the way that they are taught to do so, and allowing others of different religions to do the same without judging them or looking down on them (Mormon,