Compare/Contrast Athens and Sparta

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Athens and Sparta were both prominent city-states of ancient Greece that rivaled in their traditions. Despite being geographically close together, the two city-states took different paths as they evolved over time. Athens and Sparta were similar culturally, but they were very different politically. One of the two largest city-states of Greek differed in was their politics. Sparta thrived under its' geographic isolation. Perhaps it was their physical isolation that led to their disdain upon interacting with other societies as well as their rigid social structure of order and discipline. Athens on the other hand, thoroughly depended on their trade and relationships with neighboring societies. Due to their constant sea-to-sea travel, their navy was the best in the world at the time. Athenians were not required to join the military, although they were always given the choice. The majority of the Athenians received at least the basic education, their society at the time determined that wealth nor social class would not be the barrier between great knowledge. Spartans however, did not share the Athenians value in education. At the age of 7, young Spartan boys were sent to barracks and were a part of the military until the age of 30. Every boy was required to be a part of the military, and even the women were given minimal military training. This is yet another example of Sparta's militarily-based rigid society. Sparta had an oligarchy government, and was usually governed by two kings. These two kings were always men, and typically generals who commanded major Spartan armies in the past. One usually stayed back whilst the other went to fight wars, so that at least one person will always be available to lead the great city-state. Although this way form of government suited Sparta, Athens on the other hand, created a new form of government--democracy. Assembly was open to

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