Johannes Kepler was forced to leave his teaching post at Graz due to the Counter Reformation because he was Lutheran and moved to Prague to work with the renowned Danish astronomer, Tycho Brahe. He learned Tycho's post as Imperial Mathematician when Tycho died in 1601. Using the precise data that Tycho had collected, Kepler discovered that the orbit of Mars was an ellipse. In 1609 he published "Astronomia Nova", showing his discoveries, which are now called Kepler's first two laws of planetary motion. And what is just as important about this work, "it is the first published account where a scientist documents how he has coped with the multitude of imperfect data to forge a theory of surpassing accuracy" , a fundamental law of nature.
Very few people today maintain such a belief. Lastly, Modern Geocentrism is the belief that God recently created a spherical world, and placed it in the center of the universe. The Sun, planets and everything else in the universe revolve around it. All scientific claims about the age of the Earth are lies. They also believe that evolution does not occur.
Telescopes helped discover many new planets and asteroids which ultimately led to the theory of the speed of light, Telescopes have helped astronomers understand gravity and its role on the Earth (Mason, 2008). With further viewing from the telescope it also showed us that light here on earth radiates from our Sun and all the other stars in our universe. Had we not have had the telescopes we would still be very behind on research of all the planets which are not accessible by any human or machine to this day. In the very early ages of human life the earth and world was viewed much differently mainly ruled by religion and the views of religion. People were less educated and much easier to be controlled.
God made a Covenant with Noah: Genesis 6:18; 9:9-17; Abraham: Genesis 15:17; Israel: Exodus 1:9; Deuteronomy 4; David: 2 Samuel 7; Psalms 89; 132, and the New Covenant: Jeremiah 31:31-34; Matthew 26:26-28; 2 Corinthians 3. We must remember in every instance God takes the initiative. He draws up the terms and makes them known. My God alone guarantees your keeping. We [people] enjoy the blessings of the Covenant as long as we obey God’s commandments and do not have to face his punishment.
1. The condemnation of Galileo In this trial article it entails that in 1633, Galileo was found "vehemently suspected of heresy" in teaching as truth that the earth moves and is not the center of the world. He was found guilty in persisting in such teaching when he had been formally warned not to do so in 1616. His book was prohibited; he was ordered confined to formal imprisonment, to publicly renounce his beliefs, and to perform proper penance. The finding against Galileo was hardly infallible.
Evolution challenges all special things Christians believe in such as the belief in having a soul because God breathed the breathe of life into us and not animals. A fundamentalist view believe the creation story should be taken literally as it’s the word of God so therefore we should trust it to be the full truth rather than the word of science so therefore the theory of evolution should be rejected as incompatible with the word of God. Science has replaced religion as the main way to explain the world as science has evidence to prove evolution whereas religion has no proof but the bible which can’t be scientifically tested how can you trust something with no evidence? Evolution doesn’t need a God to explain anything. Although it’s not necessary to take the creation account literally it could be symbolic as it called creation story it could also be a summary of how God created the world.
The gods seemed to move around the earth day after day. They thought the earth must be in the middle of the heavens. By keeping a close eye on these “gods” the Babylonians believe a person could learn what a person’s future could bring. They did this very thing by making sky charts, or maps of the sky. If two planets came together at the same time a crop failed or a battle was lost, the astrologer blamed the gods.
In the 1600’s, Galileo, backed up observations by Copernicus and published them. He took the punishment for it, even though he should not have. Back in the second century a Greek astronomer named Ptolemy, published a theory about the universe that said that the earth was at the center of the universe. This was widely accepted through Europe and the Middle East because it agreed with the church’s view on the universe. This theory had the earth at the center of the universe and all other planetary bodies orbiting the earth while the earth stayed still.
“And yet it does move.” During the 16th and 17th centuries, it was illegal to say or do anything that opposed the churches opinion. When Galileo told the Catholic Church that the earth was not the center of the universe and that it revolved around the sun, the church became irate. The church made Galileo state that he was wrong, the church was right and that the earth was the center of the universe. Galileo confessed that he was wrong so he wouldn’t face death, but as he left the court, he muttered these revolutionary words—“And yet it does move”. In this quote, Galileo was saying how, even though he confessed that he was wrong about the earth not being the center of the universe, the earth does in fact move.
Based on knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe, science contradicts many aspects of religion and vice versa. The contention between science and religion has been an issue of debate for decades. The very first ground on which science and religion clash is the creation of the universe itself. Religious people believe that God is the master architect of the universe, that is, God is the creator of our world as stated in the book of genesis. However, this sounds irrational to scientists who believe in evidence only.