Compare and Contrast Utopia and The Prince

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Niccolò Machiavelli, 1469-1527, was a writer in the Italian Renaissance. Sir Thomas More, 1478-1535, was an English writer during the same time period. Both Machiavelli and More wrote books that presented their idea of what an ideal society would look like. Machiavelli, in his book The Prince, and More in his book Utopia, presented two states that differed in their government, the society in which the people lived, and their attitude towards war. A Machiavellian state was different form Utopia in regards to the government. Utopia had a loose democracy. In Utopia, the government consisted of groups of thirty households that elect a phylarch. The phylarches reported to a committee led by a chief executive. This committee discussed issues that Utopia faced and other political matters. In a Machiavellian society, there was the supreme prince and his advisors. Although the advisors gave their opinion on matters at hand, the ultimate decision was left to the prince because the prince had trained his people to obey him over any advisor or other official. Utopia differed from a Machiavellian state in the society in which the people lived. All Utopians were thoroughly educated before they committed fulltime to agriculture. Accomplished people were allowed to give up manual labor for intellectual studies. Besides farm work, each person had another specialized trade. They apprenticed and practiced another skill, such as carpentry or weaving, of their choice. In a Machiavellian society, there was little choice as to what citizens did in their free time. The state was strict but efficient in their laws, in order to maintain order and prevent mutiny. Citizens did not get to choose their skill, but rather they chose what met the needs of the state. Joining the army was the most common need. A Machiavellian state differed from Utopia in its attitude towards war. A state with
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