Compare and Contrast Totalitarian Governments

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During the Age of Anxiety, Germany and Russia were two nations that had an abundance of social, economical, and political problems. With unhappiness being a common trend between both nations it allowed for the seeds for totalitarian governments to be planted. Leaders who promised a rebirth and beneficial changes within the nations appealed to people within Germany and Russia. Joseph Stalin and Adolf Hitler were two of the leaders that took advantage of the Age of anxiety and were able to introduce new political theories and brought change to their nations. Due to their harsh loss during World War One, Germany and Russia faced economic turmoil. After discovering the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, France forced Germany to not only take full responsibility for World War One but also to pay for all the reparations. Due to the terms of the treaty Germany’s economy fell into shambles. The German economy hit an absolute low when the United States’ dollar was actually worth roughly 4,500,000 German Marks. The Mark was valued so low German people were noted for using it for wallpaper. As Hitler rose to power within Germany he used autarky to resolve some of Germany’s main economic struggles such as unemployment and inflation. Adolf Hitler was a strong believer in discouraging trade with other countries and becoming a self-sufficient nation. This is actually quite opposite of Communist Russia because under Stalin Russia was attempting to increase their trade contacts and have a nation where everyone’s needs were taken care of. Hitler was able to help Germany’s economy slowly ascend to its former glory, as did Russia with Lenin and Stalin. Both Russia and Germany started off the age of anxiety with rough economies Germany, because of the Treaty of Versailles, and Russia because of civil war regarding communism and large famines. With a plummeting economy Lenin stepped in
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