Compare And Contrast Toltec And Mayans

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Faisal Aiwazali HW #21 Mrs. McCaffrey 4/30/12 1.) In Teotihuacan, religious architecture rose above a city center aligned with nearby sacred mountains and reflecting the movement of the stars. Enormous pyramids dedicated to the Sun and Moon and more than twenty smaller temples devoted to the other gods were arranged along a central avenue. The people recognized and worshiped many gods and lesser spirits. In addition to this, the people of Teotihuacan also believed in human sacrifice. 2.) Chinampas were narrow artificial islands constructed along lakeshores or in marches. They were created by heaping lake muck and waste material on beds of reeds that were then anchored to the shore by…show more content…
9.) The major differences between the Maya and Toltec civilizations were the Mayas fought wars with religious meaning while the Toltec fought wars to gain land. Also, the Mayas did not have had a distinct ruler but each powerful city governed itself while the Toltec had two chieftains or kings. 10.) The Aztecs transformed their political organization by introducing a monarchial system similar to that found in more powerful neighboring states. Aztec rulers did not have absolute power, and royal succession was not based on primogeniture. A council of powerful aristocrats selected new rulers from among male members of the ruling lineage. Once selected, the ruler was forced to renegotiate the submission of tribute dependencies and then demonstrate his divine mandate by undertaking a new round of military…show more content…
They made burial sites for elite members. 22.) In the chiefdom tradition, a territory that had a population as large as 10,000 was ruled by a chief, a hereditary leader with both religious and secular responsibilities. Chiefs organized periodic rituals of feasting and gift giving that established bonds among diverse kinship groups and guaranteed access to specialized groups and guaranteed access to specialized crops and craft goods. They also managed long-distance trade, which provided luxury goods and additional food supplies. 23.) The Mississippi was used by the Mississippian culture by the accumulated effects of small increases in agricultural productivity, the adoption of the bow and arrow, and expansion of trade networks. During the height of the Cahokia, Cahokia controlled surrounding agricultural lands and a number of secondary towns ruled by sub chiefs. The urban center’s political and economic influence depended on its location on the Missouri, Mississippi, and Illinois

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